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Evidence suggests Ginsenoside Rd (GSRd), a biologically active extract from the medical plant Panax Ginseng, exerts antioxidant effect, decreasing reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation. Current study determined the effect of GSRd on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury (a pathological condition where ROS production is significantly increased) and(More)
AIMS Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can ameliorate myocardial infarction (MI) injury. However, older-donor MSCs seem less efficacious than those from younger donors, and the contributing underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Here, we determine how age-related expression of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) affects MSC therapeutic efficacy for MI. (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Inhibition of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) with torcetrapib in humans increases plasma high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels but is associated with increased blood pressure. In a phase 3 clinical study, evaluating the effects of torcetrapib in atherosclerosis, there was an excess of deaths and adverse(More)
Interferon regulatory factor 8 (IRF8) is known to affect the innate immune response, for example, by regulating the differentiation and function of immune cells. However, whether IRF8 can influence cardiac hypertrophy is unknown. Here we show that IRF8 levels are decreased in human dilated/hypertrophic cardiomyopathic hearts and in murine hypertrophic(More)
APOBEC3G (A3G), a member of cytidine deaminase family, has potent anti-human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) activity. It has been demonstrated that alpha interferon (IFN-alpha) can significantly enhance the expression of A3G in human primary resting CD4(+) T-cells, macrophages and primary hepatocytes, subsequently decreasing their viral(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC)β2 is preferably overexpressed in the diabetic myocardium, which induces cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and contributes to diabetic cardiomyopathy, but the underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. Caveolae are critical in signal transduction of PKC isoforms in cardiomyocytes. Caveolin (Cav)-3, the cardiomyocyte-specific caveolar(More)
Complete understanding of the etiology underlying endothelial damage in preeclampsia (PE) remains deficient. Recent studies suggest that autoantibodies against angiotensin II AT1 receptors (AT1-AA) may affect vascular endothelial integrity. However, direct evidence demonstrating association between AT1-AA from preeclamptic patients and vascular endothelial(More)
Background. Interaction of CDii/CD18 located on neutrophil membranes with its endothelial counter-receptor, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, plays a major role in polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN)
  • Yanqing Zhang, Jianli Zhao, Wayne Bond Lau, Li-Yuan Jiao, Baojiang Liu, Yuexing Yuan +5 others
  • 2013
OBJECTIVE This study determines the roles of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) and lymphotoxin-α (LTα) in post-myocardial infarction (post-MI) cardiac injury, and identifies the TNF receptor type responsible for TNFα- and LTα-mediated cardiac injury. METHODS AND RESULTS Adult male wild type (WT), TNFα(-/-), LTα(-/-), TNFR1(-/-), and TNFR2(-/-) mice were(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been implicated in the potent modulation of synaptic plasticity at both pre-synaptic and post-synaptic sites. However, the molecular mechanism underlying BDNF-mediated pre-synaptic modulation remains incompletely understood. Here, we report that BDNF treatment for over 4 h could significantly enhance the(More)