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Enzymes synthesized by thermophiles and hyperthermophiles are known as thermozymes. These enzymes are typically thermostable, or resistant to irreversible inactivation at high temperatures, and thermophilic, i.e. optimally active at elevated temperatures between 60 and 125 degrees C. Enzyme thermostability encompasses thermodynamic stability and kinetic(More)
BACKGROUND Neurons extend their dendrites and axons to build functional neural circuits, which are regulated by both positive and negative signals during development. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a positive regulator for neurite outgrowth and neuronal survival but the functions of its precursor (proBDNF) are less characterized. (More)
After peripheral nerve injury, the number of sensory neurons in the adult dorsal root ganglia (DRG) is initially reduced but recovers to a normal level several months later. The mechanisms underlying the neuronal recovery after injury are not clear. Here, we showed that in the DRG explant culture, a subpopulation of cells that emigrated out from adult rat(More)
BACKGROUND The blood brain barrier (BBB) and truncated trkB receptor on astrocytes prevent the penetration of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) applied into the peripheral (PNS) and central nervous system (CNS) thus restrict its application in the treatment of nervous diseases. As BDNF is anterogradely transported by axons, we propose that(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays a critical role in the development of the central and peripheral nervous systems, and also in neuronal survival after injury. The actions of BDNF are mediated by its high-affinity receptors TrkB and p75NTR. Recent studies have shown that proneurotrophins bind p75NTR and sortilin with high affinity, and trigger(More)
BACKGROUND In recent decades, the role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in depression has received intensive attention. However, the relationship between proBDNF and depression has not been clearly elucidated. METHODS Forty drug-free women patients diagnosed with major depression and 50 healthy female controls were enrolled in our study.(More)
The majority of newborn neurons migrate from their birthplace to final destination in the developing brain. Migration of cerebellar granule cells (CGCs) requires multiple factors. Mature brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) positively regulates the proliferation, migration, survival and differentiation of CGCs in rodents. However, the role of the BDNF(More)
The neurotrophin receptor p75 (p75NTR) is expressed by both neurons and glia. Nerve injury triggers up-regulation of p75NTR in Schwann cells (SC) but not in central glia. In contrast to neuronal p75NTR, which mediates negative signals from myelin-associated proteins resulting in neurite collapse, glial p75NTR may play a positive role in nerve regeneration(More)
Remyelination is an important aspect of nerve regeneration after nerve injury but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. The neurotrophin receptor, p75(NTR), in activated Schwann cells in the Wallerian degenerated nerve is up-regulated and may play a role in the remyelination of regenerating peripheral nerves. In the present study, the role of(More)
Peripheral nerve injury results in sympathetic sprouting around large diameter sensory neurons in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG). The mechanism underlying this pathological phenomenon is not known. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is up-regulated in large sensory neurons and ensheathing satellite cells following a sciatic nerve injury. In the present(More)