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RATIONALE In the myocardium, redox/cysteine modification of proteins regulating Ca(2+) cycling can affect contraction and may have therapeutic value. Nitroxyl (HNO), the one-electron-reduced form of nitric oxide, enhances cardiac function in a manner that suggests reversible cysteine modifications of the contractile machinery. OBJECTIVE To determine the(More)
In addition to O-phosphorylation, O-linked modifications of serine and threonine by beta-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc) may regulate muscle contractile function. This study assessed the potential role of O-GlcNAcylation in cardiac muscle contractile activation. To identify specific sites of O-GlcNAcylation in cardiac myofilament proteins, a recently(More)
Multiple description coding (MDC) allows management of tradeoff in achievable rate-distortion performance among various components in a processing (coding-decoding) system or channels in a transmission scheme. Current MDC methods first fix performance of the central decoder at a conventional single description (SD) level. and then inject inter-channel(More)
AIMS Calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) acts as a G protein coupled receptor that mediates the increase of the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration. The expression of CaR has been confirmed in various cell types, including cardiomyocytes, smooth muscle cells, neurons and vascular endothelial cells. However, whether CaR is expressed and functions in cardiac(More)
AIMS Alterations in calcium homeostasis in the intracellular endo/sarcoplasmic reticulum (ER/SR) and mitochondria of cardiomyocytes cause cell death via the SR and mitochondrial apoptotic pathway, contributing to ventricular dysfunction. However, the role of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) in cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure has not been studied.(More)
Our previous studies demonstrated that caclium-sensing receptor (CaR) stimulation elicited phospholipase C (PLC)-mediated inositol triphosphate (IP3) formation, leading to an elevation in [Ca2+] i released from the endo(sarco)plasmic reticulum (ER) to induce ER stress and perturbations of ER function, which cause cardiomyocyte apoptosis during(More)
In the study, we investigated how exogenous H2S (hydrogen sulfide) influenced streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic myocardial injury through cardiac mitochondrial protection and nitric oxide (NO) synthesis in intact rat hearts and primary neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Diabetes was induced by STZ (50 mg/kg) and the daily administration of 100 μM NaHS (sodium(More)
The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) that activates intracellular effectors; for example, it causes inositol phosphate (IP) and 1,2 diacylglycerol (DAG) accumulation, stimulating the release of intracellular calcium and the activation of the protein kinase Cs (PKCs). The activation of CaSR by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)(More)
Ophiocordyceps sinensis (Berk.) Sung, Sung, Hywel-Jones & Spatafora (syn. Cordyceps sinensis) one of the entomopathogenic fungi, is a rare Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) found in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) methods are necessary to identify the mycelia or spores of O.(More)
The SWI/SNF chromatin-remodeling complexes utilize energy from ATP hydrolysis to reposition nucleosomes and regulate the expression of human genes. Here, we studied the roles of human Brahma (hBrm) and Brahma-related gene 1 (Brg1), the ATPase subunits of the SWI/SNF complexes, in regulating human genes. Our results indicate that both hBrm and Brg1 interact(More)