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—In today's data centers, the round trip propagation delay is quite small. Therefore, switch buffer sizes are much larger than the Bandwidth Delay Product (BDP). Based on this observation, in this paper we introduce a new transport protocol which provides bandwidth Sharing by Allocating switch Buffer (SAB) for data centers. SAB sets the congestion windows(More)
The expression of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDA-R) in astrocytes is controversial. The receptor is commonly considered neuron-specific. We showed that astrocytes in primary cultures differentially expressed mRNA of NMDA-R subunits, NR1, NR2A and NR2B, in development, ischemia and post-ischemia. One-week-old cultures expressed detectable NR1 mRNA,(More)
Despite the fact that mitochondrial dysfunction has an important role in tumorigenesis and metastasis, the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. Mitochondrial Complex I (NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase) is the first and the largest protein complex of the mitochondrial electron-transport chain (ETC),which has an essential role in maintaining(More)
Genetic polymorphisms in mTOR gene may be associated with cancer risk and clinical outcomes of cancer patients by affecting mTOR gene expression or its activation. However, inconsistent results have been reported. The aim of this study is to systematically evaluate the association between mTOR polymorphisms (rs2295080, rs2536 and rs11121704) and cancer risk(More)
Routine influenza vaccination of health-care personnel (HCP) every influenza season can reduce influenza-related illness and its potentially serious consequences among HCP and their patients. To protect HCP and their patients, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that all HCP be vaccinated against influenza during each(More)
Color polymorphism has received much attention due to its strong implications for speciation and adaptation. In contrast to body color, little is currently known about the molecular mechanism of shell color formation. This study represents the first analysis of the relationship between whole-scale gene expression and shell color variations in the marine(More)
Ampelopsis sinica root is widely used in Chinese folk medicine for treating liver disorders caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). The present study was performed in order to investigate the anti-HBV activity and mechanisms of the ethanol extract from A. sinica root (EASR) in vitro. The antiviral activity of EASR was examined by detecting the levels of(More)
BACKGROUND The hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a major etiological factor of inflammation and damage to the liver resulting in hepatocellular carcinoma. Transcription factors play important roles in the disordered gene expression and liver injury caused by HBV. However, the molecular mechanisms behind this observation have not been defined. RESULTS In this(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin II (AngII) participates in endothelial damage and inflammation, and accelerates atherosclerosis. Endothelial lipase (EL) is involved in the metabolism and clearance of high density lipoproteins (HDL), the serum levels of which correlate negatively with the onset of cardiovascular diseases including atherosclerosis. However, the(More)