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—In today's data centers, the round trip propagation delay is quite small. Therefore, switch buffer sizes are much larger than the Bandwidth Delay Product (BDP). Based on this observation, in this paper we introduce a new transport protocol which provides bandwidth Sharing by Allocating switch Buffer (SAB) for data centers. SAB sets the congestion windows(More)
Topographic mapping of axon terminals is a general principle of neural architecture that underlies the interconnections among many neural structures. The Eph family tyrosine kinase receptors and their ligands, the ephrins, have been implicated in the formation of topographic projection maps. We show that multiple Eph receptors and ligands are expressed in(More)
The A-class of the erythropoietin-producing hepatocellular carcinoma cell-derived (EphA) tyrosine kinase receptors and their ligands, the A-ephrins, play critical roles in the specification of topographic axon projection maps during development. In this study, the role of the EphA subfamily in callosal projections was investigated using transgenic mice(More)
The expression of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDA-R) in astrocytes is controversial. The receptor is commonly considered neuron-specific. We showed that astrocytes in primary cultures differentially expressed mRNA of NMDA-R subunits, NR1, NR2A and NR2B, in development, ischemia and post-ischemia. One-week-old cultures expressed detectable NR1 mRNA,(More)
Despite the fact that mitochondrial dysfunction has an important role in tumorigenesis and metastasis, the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. Mitochondrial Complex I (NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase) is the first and the largest protein complex of the mitochondrial electron-transport chain (ETC),which has an essential role in maintaining(More)
The Eph family tyrosine kinase receptors and their ligands, ephrins, play key roles in a wide variety of physiological and pathological processes including tissue patterning, angiogenesis, bone development, carcinogenesis, axon guidance, and neural plasticity. However, the signaling mechanisms underlying these diverse functions of Eph receptors have not(More)
Genetic polymorphisms in mTOR gene may be associated with cancer risk and clinical outcomes of cancer patients by affecting mTOR gene expression or its activation. However, inconsistent results have been reported. The aim of this study is to systematically evaluate the association between mTOR polymorphisms (rs2295080, rs2536 and rs11121704) and cancer risk(More)
Routine influenza vaccination of health-care personnel (HCP) every influenza season can reduce influenza-related illness and its potentially serious consequences among HCP and their patients. To protect HCP and their patients, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that all HCP be vaccinated against influenza during each(More)
Applications of Artificial Immune System (AIS) has been widely applied in various engineering, including network security, pattern recognition, combinational optimization, machine learning and fault diagnosis, etc. Fault diagnosis is another AIS application field directly mapped from the theory of immunity after information security and has made certain(More)