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Abscisic acid (ABA) regulates plant responses to various environmental stresses. Oxidative cleavage of cis-epoxycarotenoids catalyzed by 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase (NCED) is the critical step in the biosynthesis of ABA in higher plants. Using a homologous cloning approach, a NCED-like gene (designated as TaNCED1) was isolated from wheat (Triticum(More)
Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) constitutes the second-most common primary hepatic malignancy. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the pathogenesis of ICC. However, the clinical significance of miR-21 levels in ICC remains unclear. Here, we investigated the role of miR-21 in ICC and found that its expression was significantly upregulated in(More)
p57 is a multifunctional protein involved in the regulation of tumor formation and development; however, the biological role of p57 in the pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is poorly understood. To explore the role of p57 in the development of HCC, we examined p57 messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein levels in HCC tissues and adjacent non-cancerous(More)
OBJECTIVE Survivin (SVV) is an inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) that is upregulated in cancer and has recently been implicated in vascular injury. We sought to investigate the role of SVV in vein graft hyperplasia. METHODS AND RESULTS Adenoviral constructs expressing a dominant-negative (AdT34A) and wild-type (AdWT) SVV were used. Proliferation and(More)
In this study, we synthesized a series of 2′,4′,6′-trihydroxychalcone derivatives and evaluated their antidepressant activities. The results of the nine compounds showed significantly reduced times during the forced swimming test at a dose of 10 mg/kg, indicative of antidepressant activity. Among the compounds, 2-bromo-2′,4′,6′-trihydroxychalcone (3h) was(More)
PURPOSE To identify whether Dickkopf-1 (DKK1) could be a potential biomarker for early detection and prognosis in patients with pancreatic cancer (PC). METHODS Serum was collected from 140 patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma and 92 control patients without pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Serological levels of DKK1 were examined by enzyme-linked(More)
A series novel of N-(2-hydroxyethyl)amide derivatives was synthesized and screened for their anticonvulsant activities by the maximal electroshock (MES) test, and their neurotoxicity was evaluated by the rotarod test (Tox). The maximal electroshock test showed that N-(2-hydroxyethyl)decanamide 1g, N-(2-hydroxyethyl)palmitamide 1l, and(More)
Plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration is a biomarker of systemic atherosclerosis and may also be associated with vein graft disease. It remains unclear whether CRP is also an important modulator of biological events in the vessel wall. We hypothesized that CRP influences vein graft healing by stimulating smooth muscle cells (SMCs) to undergo a(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have recently been shown to home to tumors and contribute to the formation of the tumor-associated stroma. In addition, MSCs can secrete paracrine factors to facilitate tumor progression. However, the involvement of MSC-derived cytokines in colorectal cancer (CRC) angiogenesis and growth has not been clearly addressed. In this(More)
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