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In this paper, we consider the throughput modelling and fairness provisioning in CSMA/CA based ad-hoc networks. The main contributions are: firstly, a throughput model based on Markovian analysis is proposed for the CSMA/CA network with a general topology. Simulation investigations are presented to verify its performance. Secondly, fairness issues in(More)
—An effective location algorithm, which considers non-line-of-sight (NLOS) propagation, is presented. By using a new variable to replace the square term, the problem becomes a mathematical programming problem, and then the NLOS propagation's effect can be evaluated. Compared with other methods, the proposed algorithm has high accuracy.
OBJECTIVE Convergent research demonstrates disrupted attention and heightened threat sensitivity in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This might be linked to aberrations in large-scale networks subserving the detection of salient stimuli (i.e., the salience network [SN]) and stimulus-independent, internally focused thought (i.e., the default mode(More)
BACKGROUND Converging neuroimaging research suggests altered emotion neurocircuitry in individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Emotion activation studies in these individuals have shown hyperactivation in emotion-related regions, including the amygdala and insula, and hypoactivation in emotion-regulation regions, including the medial(More)
Visualizing 3D time-varying uid datasets is diicult because of the immense amount of data to be processed and understood. These datasets contain many evolving amorphous regions, and it is diicult to observe patterns and visually follow regions of interest. In this paper, we present a technique which isolates and tracks full volume representations of regions(More)
Animal studies suggest that structural changes occur in the maternal brain during the early postpartum period in regions such as the hypothalamus, amygdala, parietal lobe, and prefrontal cortex and such changes are related to the expression of maternal behaviors. In an attempt to explore this in humans, we conducted a prospective longitudinal study to(More)
In this paper, we address the rate control problem in a multi-hop random access wireless network, with the objective of achieving proportional fairness amongst the end-to-end sessions. The problem is considered in the framework of nonlinear optimization. Compared to its counterpart in a wired network where link capacities are assumed to be fixed, rate(More)
Astaxanthin (AST) is a carotenoid pigment which possesses potent antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective properties. The aim of this study was to investigate whether administration of AST had protective effects on D-galactose-induced brain aging in rats, and further examined its protective mechanisms. The results showed that AST treatment(More)
MER3, a ZMM protein, is required for the formation of crossovers in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Arabidopsis. Here, MER3, the first identified ZMM gene in a monocot, is characterized by map-based cloning in rice (Oryza sativa). The null mutation of MER3 results in complete sterility without any vegetative defects. Cytological analyses show that chiasma(More)