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OBJECTIVE The purpose of the study was to test the relative and combined efficacy of clomipramine and exposure and ritual prevention in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in adults. Serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) and cognitive behavior therapy by exposure and ritual prevention are both established treatments for OCD, yet their(More)
A common misconception is that bipolar disorder is an endogenous process. However, previous research suggests a role for life events in the onset of and recovery from bipolar episodes. Yet, there remains some question as to whether the relationship between life events and onset changes over the course of the disorder as a result of the number of episodes an(More)
SUMMARY Although much work has been done on comparing and contrasting the EM and ECME algorithms, in terms of their rates of convergence, it is not clear what mechanism underhes each and, furthermore, what factors may determine and influence their rates of convergence. In this paper, we examine the convergence rates and properties of these two popular(More)
OBJECTIVES Many depressed women seen in community mental health centers (CMHCs) have histories of childhood sexual abuse and are economically disadvantaged. Randomized trials are needed to test the effectiveness of evidence-based interventions in this population and setting. This study compared interpersonal psychotherapy with usual care psychotherapy among(More)
While the relationship of life events to depression onset has occupied researchers for almost a quarter of a century, few studies have attempted to account for either the temporal patterning of events relative to episode onset, or, the effect of multiple events in a study period. In this report, we attempt to address the issues of timing of events, multiple(More)
On the basis of theories we articulated in earlier papers (Ehlers et al 1988: Arch Gen Psychiatry 45:948-952, 1993: Depression 1:285-293), we have developed an adjunctive psychosocial intervention for patients with bipolar 1 disorder. Central to this intervention is the establishment of regularity in daily routines. In this report, we present data from a(More)
Sleep complaints and electroencephalographic (EEG) sleep abnormalities are associated with risk for new onset depression, illness severity, treatment outcome, and vulnerability for recurrence of depression. The aim of this study was to evaluate the strength of association between EEG sleep measures and depression symptoms, and to identify the variables that(More)
OBJECTIVE Many seniors experience depressive symptoms not meeting standard diagnostic criteria. The authors sought to examine the clinical correlates of older primary care patients with "subsyndromal depression" (SSD), hypothesizing that SSD subjects have greater symptoms and functional impairment than nondepressed patients, but not as severe as those with(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compared the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among outpatients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder receiving clozapine with a matched comparison group from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. METHOD Ninety-three outpatients and a matched group of 2,701 comparison subjects were compared according to(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors sought to test the potentially reciprocal relationships between depression and executive dysfunction in older patients over time. METHOD In this prospective 2-year cohort study, the authors enrolled 709 patients age 65 years and older who presented for primary care on selected days and gave informed consent. Of these, 431 and 284(More)