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5-methylcytosine is a major epigenetic modification that is sometimes called "the fifth nucleotide." However, our knowledge of how offspring inherit the DNA methylome from parents is limited. We generated nine single-base resolution DNA methylomes, including zebrafish gametes and early embryos. The oocyte methylome is significantly hypomethylated compared(More)
We report on the molecular cloning and intracellular localization of a heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP), Ct-hrp45, one of the major components of pre-mRNP particles in Chironomus tentans. It is shown that hrp45 belongs to the SR family of splicing factors and exhibits high sequence similarity to Drosophila SRp55/B52 and human SF2/ASF. The(More)
We argue that separate identifiers should be used in SDN for identifying users, packets for forwarding purpose, and packets for policy enforcement purpose. We discuss the requirements and challenges in designing such an identifier scheme and sketch its various components. We show that our design can minimize switch table sizes by enabling optimized(More)
BACKGROUND No methods directly address the impact of missing participant data for continuous outcomes in systematic reviews on risk of bias. METHODS We conducted a consultative, iterative process to develop a framework for handling missing participant data for continuous outcomes. We considered sources reflecting real observed outcomes in participants(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are an extensive class of newly identified small RNAs that regulate gene expression at post-transcription level by mRNA cleavage or translation. In our study, we used qRT-PCR and found that Vv-miR164 is expression in grapevine leaves, stems, tendrils, inflorescences, flowers and fruits. In addition, two potential target genes for(More)
E2F transcription factors play a critical role in the control of cell cycle progression, regulating the expression of genes involved in DNA replication, DNA repair, mitosis, and cell fate. This involves both positive-acting and negative-acting E2F proteins, the latter group including the E2F6 protein, which has been shown to function as an Rb-independent(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to estimate the risk factors having relationships with pathologic fracture of osteosarcoma of extremities and to evaluate the role of limb salvage surgery in this group of patients. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed 28 consecutive cases of pathologic fracture of primary high-grade localized(More)
Proline, an important amino acid, accumulates in many plant species. Besides its role in plant cell responses to environmental stresses, the potential biological functions of proline in growth and development are unclear. Here, we report cloning and functional characterization of the maize (Zea mays) classic mutant proline responding1 (pro1) gene. This gene(More)
Volumetric methods provide efficient, flexible and simple ways of integrating multiple depth images into a full 3D model. They provide dense and photorealistic 3D reconstructions, and parallelised implementations on GPUs achieve real-time performance on modern graphics hardware. To run such methods on mobile devices, providing users with freedom of movement(More)
Chordoma is a rare low-grade primary malignant skeletal tumor, which is presumed to derive from notochord remnants. The pathogenesis of chordoma has not been fully elucidated. However, recent advances in the molecular biology studies have identified brachyury underlying the initiation and progression of chordoma cells. More efforts have been made on(More)