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Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disorder leading to dementia and its prevalence increases with age. The pathological features of AD are characterized by the β-amyloid protein (Aβ) deposits in the core of neuritic plaques and abnormal neurofibrillary tangles in the brain of AD patients. BACE1 is the major β-secretase to cleave(More)
BACKGROUND Coinfection of hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) may compromise pediatric antiretroviral therapy (ART) in China. In this study, we evaluated the seroprevalence of HBV and HCV in children receiving ART and associated factors. METHODS Patients were selected from HIV-1-infected children under age 16 enrolled in China National(More)
University of Wisconsin (UW) solution has been recognized as the gold standard in liver preservation, but its limitations are becoming obvious, such as risk of biliary complications and its high cost. Alternatively, the effects of histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK), such as improved biliary protection and low cost, have been observed. This systematic(More)
Studies of abscisic acid (ABA) and auxin have revealed that these pathways impinge on each other. The Daucus carota (L.) Dc3 promoter: uidA (β-glucuronidase: GUS) chimaeric reporter (ProDc3:GUS) is induced by ABA, osmoticum, and the auxin indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) in vegetative tissues of transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. Here, we describe the(More)
Ethylene-response factors (ERFs) play an important role in regulating gene expression in plant responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. In this study, a new ERF transcription factor, GmERF7, was isolated from soybean. Sequence analysis showed that GmERF7 contained an AP2/ERF domain with 58 amino acids, two putative nuclear localization signal (NLS)(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are an extensive class of newly identified small RNAs that regulate gene expression at post-transcription level by mRNA cleavage or translation. In our study, we used qRT-PCR and found that Vv-miR164 is expression in grapevine leaves, stems, tendrils, inflorescences, flowers and fruits. In addition, two potential target genes for(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the reporting, extent, and handling of loss to follow-up and its potential impact on the estimates of the effect of treatment in randomised controlled trials. DESIGN Systematic review. We calculated the percentage of trials for which the relative risk would no longer be significant under a number of assumptions about the outcomes of(More)
BACKGROUND Peripheral neuropathy that complicates HIV nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) therapy is likely caused by mitochondrial injury. Mitochondria play a central role in regulating oxidant stress. We explored the relationships between oxidant stress and NRTI-induced peripheral neuropathy. METHODS The AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG)(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of glucagon-like peptide-1(GLP-1) receptor agonists on heart failure remains uncertain. We therefore conducted a systematic review to assess the possible impact of GLP-1 agonists on heart failure or hospitalization for heart failure in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register(More)