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Human pluripotent stem cells represent a potentially unlimited source of functional pancreatic endocrine lineage cells. Here we report a highly efficient approach to induce human embryonic stem (ES) cells and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells to differentiate into mature insulin-producing cells in a chemical-defined culture system. The differentiated(More)
Fifty-five Chinese isolates from nodules of Amorpha fruticosa were characterized and compared with the type strains of the species and genera of bacteria which form nitrogen-fixing symbioses with leguminous host plants. A polyphasic approach, which included RFLP of PCR-amplified 16S rRNA genes, multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE), DNA-DNA(More)
For more than thirty years, the parallel programming community has used the <i>dependence graph</i> as the main abstraction for reasoning about and exploiting parallelism in "regular" algorithms that use dense arrays, such as finite-differences and FFTs. In this paper, we argue that the dependence graph is not a suitable abstraction for algorithms in new(More)
Caragana species are woody legumes widely distributed in the arid regions of China. These plants form root nodules but their nodule bacteria have not been clearly classified. A total of 112 symbiotic bacterial isolates were obtained from four Caragana species grown in Liaoning Province and were characterized with ARDRA, sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide(More)
Single-peakedness is one of the most commonly used domain restrictions in social choice. However, the extent to which agent preferences are single-peaked in practice, and the extent to which recent proposals for approximate single-peakedness can further help explain voter preferences , is unclear. In this article, we assess the ability of both(More)
The nitrogen-fixing rhizobial symbionts of Sesbania herbacea growing in the nature reserve at the Sierra de Huautla, Mexico, were isolated and characterized. All 104 isolates together with the type strain for Rhizobium galegae, HAMBI 540T, had similar 16S rRNA genes as revealed by PCR-RFLP analysis. Similarity in the sequences of the 16S rRNA genes placed(More)
An efficient in vitro micropropagation system for Clivia miniata Regel was developed using basal tissues of young petals and young ovaries as explants. For callus induction, explants were incubated on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing either 2.22 μM 6-benzyladenine (BA) and 4.52 μM 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) or 4.44 μM BA, 5.37 μM(More)
Five strains isolated from root nodules of Lablab purpureus and Arachis hypogaea grown in the Anhui and Sichuan provinces of China were classified as members of the genus Bradyrhizobium. These strains had identical 16S rRNA gene sequences which shared 99.48 %, 99.48 % and 99.22 % similarity with the most closely related strains of Bradyrhizobium jicamae(More)
A total of 128 bacterial test strains originated from Astragalus, Caragana, Gueldenstaedtia, Medicago, Melilotus, Oxytropis, Trifolium, and Vicia grown in Tibet were characterized phenotypically and genomically. Based upon the consensus of grouping results, they were identified as 16 putative species. Twenty-five test strains belonging to seven putative(More)
In a survey of the biodiversity and biogeography of rhizobia associated with soybean (Glycine max L.) in different sites of the Northern (Huang-Huai-Hai) Plain of China, ten strains were defined as representing a novel genomic species in the genus of Bradyrhizobium. They were distinguished from defined species in restriction fragment length polymorphism(More)