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We performed a genome-wide association study of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) by genotyping 1,077 individuals with ESCC and 1,733 control subjects of Chinese Han descent. We selected 18 promising SNPs for replication in an additional 7,673 cases of ESCC and 11,013 control subjects of Chinese Han descent and 303 cases of ESCC and 537 control(More)
Stable oxygen isotope ratio of leaf water (δ(18)O(L)) yields valuable information on many aspects of plant-environment interactions. However, current understanding of the mechanistic controls on δ(18)O(L) does not provide complete characterization of effective path length (L) of the Péclet effect,--a key component of the leaf water model. In this study, we(More)
Leaf water contains naturally occurring stable isotopes of oxygen and hydrogen in abundances that vary spatially and temporally. When sufficiently understood, these can be harnessed for a wide range of applications. Here, we review the current state of knowledge of stable isotope enrichment of leaf water, and its relevance for isotopic signals incorporated(More)
Pork quality is an economically important trait and one of the main selection criteria for breeding in the swine industry. In this genome-wide association study (GWAS), 455 pigs from a porcine Large White × Minzhu intercross population were genotyped using the Illumina PorcineSNP60K Beadchip, and phenotyped for intramuscular fat content (IMF), marbling,(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the importance of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values to predict treatment response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) in patients with locally advanced breast cancer (LABC). Thirty-two patients with LABC underwent 2-4 cylces of NCT (docetaxel and(More)
Copy number variations (CNVs) are one of the main contributors to genetic diversity in animals and are broadly distributed in the genomes of swine. Investigating the performance and evolutionary impacts of pig CNVs requires comprehensive knowledge of their structure and function within and between breeds. In the current study, 4 different programs (i.e.,(More)
There are controversies about adverse effects of bisphenol A (BPA), a ubiquitous xenoestrogen, on reproduction and development of male animals. To understand BPA action and assess its risk more completely, we examined the impact of BPA at high doses on the testes of pubertal male Kunming (China) mice. BPA at 0 (control), 160, 480, and 960 mg/kg/day was(More)
BACKGROUND During tumor formation and expansion, increasing glucose metabolism is necessary for unrestricted growth of tumor cells. Expression of key glycolytic enzyme alpha-enolase (ENO1) is controversial and its modulatory mechanisms are still unclear in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS The expression of ENO1 was examined in NSCLC and(More)
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST) represent a group of highly heterogeneous human malignancies often with multiple histological origins, divergent differentiation patterns, and diverse immunohistochemical presentations. The differential diagnosis of MPNST from other spindle cell neoplasms poses great challenges for pathologists. This report(More)
The effects of sophorolipid on the growth and apoptosis of H7402 human liver cancer cells were investigated. By treatment with sophorolipid, a dose- and time-dependent inhibition of cell proliferation was observed. The cells developed many features of apoptosis, including condensation of chromatin, nuclear fragmentation, and appearance of apoptotic bodies,(More)