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Various lines of evidence indicate the presence of progressive pathophysiological processes occurring within the brains of patients with schizophrenia. By modulating chemical neurotransmission, antipsychotic drugs may influence a variety of functions regulating neuronal resilience and viability and have the potential for neuroprotection. This article(More)
It has been proposed that antidepressants have neuroprotective effects on hippocampal neurons. To further test this hypothesis, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), B cell lymphoma protein-2 (Bcl-2), and copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn-SOD) were examined immunohistochemically in hippocampal neurons of Sprague-Dawley rats following daily(More)
The cuprizone mouse model of demyelination was used to investigate the influence that white matter changes have on different magnetic resonance imaging results. In vivo T2 -weighted and magnetization transfer images (MTIs) were acquired weekly in control (n = 5) and cuprizone-fed (n = 5) mice, with significant increases in signal intensity in T2 -weighted(More)
The chronic stress model was developed on the basis of the stress-diathesis hypothesis of depression. However, these behavioural responses associated with different stress paradigms are quite complex. This study examined the effects of two chronic stress regimens on anxiety-like and depressive behaviours. C57BL/6 mice were subjected to unpredictable chronic(More)
C57BL/6 mice were given 0.2% cuprizone (CPZ) for 2 to 6 weeks while controls ate the same diet without CPZ. At various time points the animals were subjected to behavioral tests and their brains were analyzed. Mice exposed to CPZ for 2 and 3 weeks displayed more climbing behavior and lower prepulse inhibition, suggesting an increase in central nervous(More)
Cuprizone (CPZ) is a neurotoxic agent acting as a copper chelator. In our recent study, C57BL/6 mice given dietary CPZ (0.2%) showed impairments in spatial working memory, social interaction, and prepulse inhibition. These abnormalities are reminiscent of certain schizophrenia symptoms and are not likely due to damage in the whole brain or in any single(More)
As part of our continuing study of neural plasticity in rat hippocampus, we examined two structural proteins involved in neuronal plasticity, synaptophysin (SYP) and microtubule-associated protein 1 (MAP1) for their response to repeated restraint stress and modulation of such response by the antidepressant drug venlafaxine. This drug has the pharmacological(More)
Recent human studies suggest a role for altered oligodendrocytes in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Our recent animal study has reported some schizophrenia-like behaviors in mice exposed to cuprizone (Xu et al., 2009), a copper chelator that has been shown to selectively damage the white matter. This study was to explore mechanisms underlying the(More)
Haloperidol (HAL) is a typical antipsychotic drug and known to cause extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) that may be associated with the blockade of dopamine D2-receptors in nigrostriatal pathway by the drug. In contrast, quetiapine (QTP) is an atypical antipsychotic drug that has the lowest incidence of producing EPS in patients with schizophrenia, while(More)
Myelin and oligodendrocyte dysfunctions have been consistently found in patients with schizophrenia. The effect of antipsychotics on myelin disturbances is unknown. The present study examined the effects of quetiapine on oligodendrocyte regeneration and myelin repair in a demyelination animal model. C57BL/6 mice were fed with cuprizone (0.2% w/w) for 12(More)