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The review paper by Emanuel et al. (1994; hereafter ENB) provides a stimulating and at times provocative overview of the dynamics of convecting systems and their interaction with larger-scale circulations. As such it prompted us to organize a semester-long seminar devoted to the study of these interactions, and to ENB's ideas in particular. The following(More)
The atom-bond connectivity (ABC) index of a graph (,) G V E is defined as () [ () () 2]/[ () ()] uv E ABC G d u d v d u d v  ¦ , where () d u denotes the degree of vertex u of G. This recently introduced molecular structure descriptor found interesting applications in the study of the thermodynamic stability of acyclic saturated hydrocarbons, and the(More)
— In this paper, we study the connectivity properties of a wireless sensor network from an information-theoretic viewpoint. We consider both regular linear (one-dimensional) and planar (two-dimensional) networks with unreliable sensor nodes, i.e., each node is inactive/dead with a certain probability. We study the following problems: 1) What is the(More)
Microbial consortia isolated from aged oil-contaminated soil were used to degrade 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (15.72 mgkg(-1)) in soil and slurry phases. The three microbial consortia (bacteria, fungi and bacteria-fungi complex) could degrade polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and the highest PAH removals were found in soil and slurry(More)
Akt signaling plays a central role in many biological functions, such as cell proliferation and apoptosis. Because Akt (also known as protein kinase B) resides primarily in the cytosol, it is not known how these signaling molecules are recruited to the plasma membrane and subsequently activated by growth factor stimuli. We found that the protein kinase Akt(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate 10 process-based terrestrial biosphere models that were used for the IPCC fifth Assessment Report. The simulated gross primary productivity (GPP) is compared with flux-tower-based estimates by Jung et al. [Journal of Geophysical Research 116 (2011) G00J07] (JU11). The net primary productivity (NPP) apparent(More)
BACKGROUND The therapeutic mechanism and clinical effect of mild hypothermia in patients with severe head injury were studied. METHODS All 396 patients with severe head injury [Glasgow Coma Scale score (GCS) equal to or less than 8 on admission] were randomly divided into the hypothermic group (198 cases) and the control group (198 cases). Hypothermia was(More)
The WNT/β-CATENIN signaling has been demonstrated to play critical roles in mouse tooth development, but little is known about the status of these molecules in human embryonic tooth. In this study, expression patterns of WNT/β-CATENIN signaling components, including WNT ligands (WNT3, WNT5A), receptors (FZD4, FZD6, LRP5), transducers (β-CATENIN),(More)
The simulated diurnal cycle is in many ways an ideal test bed for new physical parameterizations. The purpose of this paper is to compare observations from the Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission, the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment, the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project, the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System Experiment, and(More)