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We report the first neuropathological and neurochemical study of a patient with dopa-responsive dystonia. She had onset of foot dystonia at age 5 years and by age 8 years it was generalized with prominent right leg and arm involvement. On levodopa 750 mg daily she had complete symptomatic improvement that was sustained for 11 years until death. Pathological(More)
Recent positron emission tomography (PET) studies using 3,4-[18F]fluorodihydroxyphenylalanine ([18F]fluorodopa) have reported little or no decrement in dopaminergic function in human striatum (caudate and putamen) during aging. In contrast, previous postmortem studies have reported marked age-dependent decreases in the activity of dopa decarboxylase (DDC),(More)
Our previous studies demonstrated that caclium-sensing receptor (CaR) stimulation elicited phospholipase C (PLC)-mediated inositol triphosphate (IP3) formation, leading to an elevation in [Ca2+] i released from the endo(sarco)plasmic reticulum (ER) to induce ER stress and perturbations of ER function, which cause cardiomyocyte apoptosis during(More)
We measured the levels of dopamine, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) protein, and dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) decarboxylase (DDC) protein in the striatum of 10 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) and 23 patients with dominantly inherited olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA). The levels of dopamine were markedly reduced (2% of control) in the(More)
In the study, we investigated how exogenous H2S (hydrogen sulfide) influenced streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic myocardial injury through cardiac mitochondrial protection and nitric oxide (NO) synthesis in intact rat hearts and primary neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Diabetes was induced by STZ (50 mg/kg) and the daily administration of 100 μM NaHS (sodium(More)
Emotional conflict refers to the influence of task irrelevant affective stimuli on current task set. Previously used emotional face-word tasks have produced certain electrophysiological phenomena, such as an enhanced N450 and slow potential; however, it remains unknown whether these effects emerge in other tasks. The present study used an emotional(More)
Recent discovery of high-temperature superconductivity (Tc = 190 K) in sulfur hydrides at megabar pressures breaks the traditional belief on the Tc limit of 40 K for conventional superconductors, and opens up the doors in searching new high-temperature superconductors in compounds made up of light elements. Selenium is a sister and isoelectronic element of(More)
Current development of high-performance transparent conductive oxide (TCO) films is limited with tradeoff between carrier mobility and concentration since none of them can be improved without sacrificing the other. In this study, we prepare fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) films by chemical vapor deposition with inclusions of different additives and report(More)
The physiological and pathological roles of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in the regulation of cardiovascular functions have been recognized. H2S protects against the hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced injury and apoptosis of cardiomyocytes, and ischemic post-conditioning (PC) plays an important role in cardioprotection from H/R injury in neonatal cardiomyocytes(More)