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The base excision repair DNA glycosylase MutY homolog (MYH) is responsible for removing adenines misincorporated into DNA opposite guanine or 7,8-dihydro-8-oxo-guanine (8-oxoG), thereby preventing G:C to T:A mutations. Biallelic germline mutations in the human MYH gene predispose individuals to multiple colorectal adenomas and carcinoma. We have recently(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) initiate a signalling cascade via association with an adaptor molecule, myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) and/or TIR domain-containing adaptor inducing-IFN-beta (Trif), to induce various pro-inflammatory cytokines for microbial eradication. After stimulation of TLR4 with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), both IL-1beta and IL-18(More)
The MYH (MutY glycosylase homologue) increases replication fidelity by removing adenines or 2-hydroxyadenine misincorporated opposite GO (7,8-dihydro-8-oxo-guanine). The 9-1-1 complex (Rad9, Rad1 and Hus1 heterotrimer complex) has been suggested as a DNA damage sensor. Here, we report that hMYH (human MYH) interacts with hHus1 (human Hus1) and hRad1 (human(More)
INTRODUCTION Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been increasingly used as an adjuvant treatment for multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in China. To inform clinical practice, we performed a systematic review on the beneficial effect and safety of CHM for MDR-TB. METHODS We searched six electronic databases for randomised clinical trials (RCTs) of(More)
Vitis pseudoreticulata glyoxal oxidase (VpGLOX) was previously isolated from the Chinese wild vine V. pseudoreticulata accession “Baihe-35-1” during a screen for genes that are upregulated in response to infection with grapevine powdery mildew (Erysiphe necator, PM). In the present study, a possible function of VpGLOX for defense against PM was investigated(More)
The checkpoint protein Rad9/Rad1/Hus1 heterotrimer (the 9-1-1 complex) is structurally similar to the proliferating cell nuclear antigen sliding clamp and has been proposed to sense DNA damage that leads to cell cycle arrest or apoptosis. Human (h) NEIL1 DNA glycosylase, an ortholog of bacterial Nei/Fpg, is involved in repairing oxidatively damaged DNA(More)
Ecotoxicogenomic approaches are emerging as alternative methods in environmental monitoring because they allow insight into pollutant modes of action and help assess the causal agents and potential toxicity beyond the traditional end points of death, growth, and reproduction. Gene expression analysis has shown particular promise for identifying gene(More)
Tight junctions regulate paracellular permeability, create the luminal fluid microenvironment of blood vessels and the digestive tract, and also form the protective barrier in the stratified epithelium including the epidermis. Claudins are the integral membrane proteins at tight junctions and form a multigene family composed of at least 24 members, but(More)
Downy mildew, caused by the oomycete Plasmopara viticola, is a serious fungal disease in the cultivated European grapevines (Vitis vinifera L.). The class 10 of pathogenesis-related (PR) genes in grapevine leaves was reported to be accumulated at mRNA level in response to P. viticola infection. To elucidate the functional roles of PR10 genes during(More)