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Exosomes are secreted organelles that have the same topology as the cell and bud outward (outward is defined as away from the cytoplasm) from endosome membranes or endosome-like domains of plasma membrane. Here we describe an exosomal protein-sorting pathway in Jurkat T cells that selects cargo proteins on the basis of both higher-order oligomerization (the(More)
Animal cells bud exosomes and microvesicles (EMVs) from endosome and plasma membranes. The combination of higher-order oligomerization and plasma membrane binding is a positive budding signal that targets diverse proteins into EMVs and retrovirus particles. Here we describe an inhibitory budding signal (IBS) from the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Gag(More)
Direct electron transfer reactions of microperoxidase were achieved with the help of semiconductive zinc oxide nanoparticles on a pyrolytic graphite electrode. The enzyme could also exhibit fine electrocatalytic activity towards the reduction of hydrogen peroxide. Thereby, a hydrogen peroxide biosensor was constructed based on the electrocatalysis of(More)
A flexible ligand bis(7-methyl-1,8-naphthyridine-2-ylamino)methane (), having kappa(4)-chelating and kappa(2)-bridging modes, and its intriguing structural complexes of Zn(II) with mu-OH, kappa(1)-OAc, mu-kappa(1)-OAc and mu-kappa(2)-OAc ligands, [Zn(2)()(2)(OH)](ClO(4))(3) (), [Zn(4)()(2)(OAc)(6)(OH)(2)].CH(2)Cl(2) (.CH(2)Cl(2)) and(More)
A series of 1,8-naphthyridine derivatives containing vinyl, 2-(2-acetylamino-pyridine-6-ethylene)-4-methyl-7-acetylamino-1,8-naphthyridine (L(1)), 2-(2-acetylamino-pyridine-6-ethylene)-1,8-naphthyridine (L(2)), 2-(2-acetylamino-pyridinyl-6-ethylene)-4-methyl-7-hydroxyl-1,8-naphthyridine (L(3)),(More)
Silver nanoparticles (11+/-1.5 nm) could greatly enhance the electron-transfer reactivity of myoglobin (Mb) and its catalytic ability toward hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Direct fast electron transfer between Mb and a pyrolytic graphite (PG) electrode was achieved, and a pair of well-defined, quasi-reversible redox peaks was obtained. The cathodic and anodic(More)
The prevailing hypothesis of HIV budding posits that the viral Gag protein drives budding, and that the Gag p6 peptide plays an essential role by recruiting host-cell budding factors to sites of HIV assembly. HIV also expresses a second Gag protein, p160 Gag-Pol, which lacks p6 and fails to bud from cells, consistent with the prevailing hypothesis of HIV(More)
The photovoltaic effect of titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles, induced by ultraviolet light, can greatly improve the catalytic activity of hemoglobin as a peroxidase, with the sensitivity increased nearly 3-fold and the detection limit lowered 2 orders, in contrast to the catalytic reactions in the dark, which indicates a possible method to tune the(More)