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PURPOSE Lymphangiogenesis, the growth of lymphatic vessels, contributes to lymphatic metastasis. However, the precise mechanism underlying lymphangiogenesis remains poorly understood. This study aimed to examine chemokine/chemokine receptors that directly contribute to chemoattraction of activated lymphatic endothelial cells (LEC) and tumor(More)
Eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) is currently used as a biomarker for airway inflammation. It is a heparin-binding ribonuclease released by activated eosinophils. Its cytotoxicity toward cancer cell lines is blocked by heparin. The objective of this study was to locate the heparin binding site of ECP by site-directed mutagenesis and construction of a(More)
An efficient preparation of rare 2-O-benzoyl-3-O-benzyl-1,6-anhydro-beta-l-idopyranose from commercially available diacetone alpha-d-glucose in five straightforward steps is described here. With this key building block in hand, the total syntheses of heparin oligosaccharides with three, five, seven, and nine sugar units are successfully carried out.
It is believed that the stability and activity of client proteins are passively regulated by the Hsp90 (heat-shock protein 90) chaperone machinery, which is known to be modulated by its intrinsic ATPase activity, co-chaperones and post-translational modifications. However, it is unclear whether client proteins themselves participate in regulation of the(More)
Hsp90 (heat-shock protein 90) is one of the most important molecular chaperones in eukaryotes. Hsp90 facilitates the maturation, activation or degradation of its client proteins. It is now well accepted that both ATP binding and co-chaperone association are involved in regulating the Hsp90 chaperone machinery. However, other factors such as(More)
The 90-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp90α) has been identified on the surface of cancer cells, and is implicated in tumor invasion and metastasis, suggesting that it is a potentially important target for tumor therapy. However, the regulatory mechanism of Hsp90α plasma membrane translocation during tumor invasion remains poorly understood. Here, we show that(More)
Relative reactivity evaluations showed the graded arming of toluenyl thioglucosides by variously positioned silyl groups but not by their acyl counterparts. These findings were applied in reactivity-based one-pot assembly of linker-attached Lc(4) and IV(2)Fuc-Lc(4), which are components of human embryonic stem cell surface. The sugar-galectin-1 binding was(More)
A convenient route for the synthesis of heparin oligosaccharides involving regioselective protection of D-glucosamine and a concise preparation of rare L-ido sugars from diacetone α-D-glucose is described. Stereoselective coupling of a D-glucosamine-derived trichloroacetimidate with a 1,6-anhydro-β-L-idopyranosyl 4-alcohol gave the desired α-linked(More)
Endostatin is a well-known angiogenesis inhibitor. Although angiogenesis has been considered as a potential therapeutic target of obesity, the inhibitory effect of endostatin on adipogenesis and dietary-induced obesity has never been demonstrated. Adipogenesis plays a critical role in controlling adipocyte cell number, body weight, and metabolic profile in(More)