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Medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) transection enhances social interaction in an open arena test. Social interaction enhances dopaminergic activity in the nucleus accumbens (NAC). In the present set of experiments, microdialysis probes were implanted in the NAC, and glutamate, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and dopamine (DA) were measured during electrical(More)
Previous evidence has suggested a possible relationship between the adrenal steroid, corticosterone (CORT) and neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the brain. To provide a more systematic analysis of this interaction, the present study employed a variety of techniques, including in situ hybridization to measure NPY gene expression, radioimmunoassay to examine peptide(More)
The hypothalamic neuropeptide Y (NPY) system, along with levels of circulating corticosterone (CORT), were examined in rats at different times across the light/dark cycle. Tissue samples were taken from the mediobasal hypothalamus (MBH), which contains the primary hypothalamic NPY cell group of the arcuate nucleus (ARC), and the mediodorsal (MDH)(More)
Changes in body temperature (Tb) and feeding were characterized in unrestrained rats following the micro-injection into the anterior hypothalamic preoptic area (AH/POA) of macrophage inflammatory protein-1 (MIP-1), MIP-1 alpha or MIP-1 beta. After the rats recovered from the stereotaxic implantation of a single guide tube placed in the AH/POA, either one of(More)
Male rats were castrated before puberty. When they were adult, the activity of their mesolimbic dopamine system was tested by ventral striatum microdialysis. Amphetamine injections increased dopamine more in castrated rats than in normal rats. This exaggerated response was attenuated by testosterone replacement therapy. The mechanism by which androgens(More)
The efficacy of the antiviral agent Amantadine (AM, 5-100 mg/kg/sc, ip or intrahypothalamically, 12.5-100 micrograms bilaterally) in influencing body weight and food intake in drug-free rats, and in preventing neuroleptic-induced weight gain, was assessed in adult female rats. In drug-free rats, acute administration of systemic AM or directly injected in(More)
Long-term intraperitoneal administration of sulpiride induced body weight increase in female but not in male rats. The hypothesis that systemic sulpiride causes an endocrine unbalance which in turn causes body weight gain and hyperphagia was tested in four experiments. First, it was shown that even when they are on a high-fat diet male rats do not show body(More)
Macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP-1) administered systemically causes a fever not blocked by a prostaglandin (PGE) synthesis inhibitor. The purpose of this study was to examine the central mechanism of pyrexic action of this cytokine in the unrestrained rat. After guide cannulae for microinjection were implanted stereotaxically just above the anterior(More)
A new technique for in vivo neurotransmitter extraction was developed. Perfusion U shaped cannulae were chronically implanted in the caudate or the thalamus of rats. A segment of the cannula was a piece of dialysis tube of molecular weight cut off 1000. Measurable amounts of dopamine and norepinephrine were recovered from the perfusion fluid.(More)
AIMS The objective of this study is to survey present and future antidepressant drug therapy based on the progress made in the field of biotechnology. DEVELOPMENT The simplistic and mistaken view that one single system of neurotransmission is altered in depression and that there is, therefore, just one single treatment has changed. Molecular biology and(More)