Ximena Páez

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Previous studies have shown that prolonged administration of antipsychotic drugs induces obesity in female but not in male rats. To explore the mechanisms involved in this sex-dependent effect, we administered the dopamine antagonist sulpiride (20 mg/kg i.p.) or vehicle (0.1 N HCl) to adult male rats during 21 days and daily assessed bodyweight and food(More)
The antipsychotic drugs (APDs) are fundamental tools in current psychiatric practice. A new generation of agents, the atypical APDs, represents an important progress in the treatment of psychotic disorders. Unfortunately, some of them induce excessive body weight gain (BWG), obesity, hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia in the following order: clozapine(More)
Previous evidence has suggested a possible relationship between the adrenal steroid, corticosterone (CORT) and neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the brain. To provide a more systematic analysis of this interaction, the present study employed a variety of techniques, including in situ hybridization to measure NPY gene expression, radioimmunoassay to examine peptide(More)
The hypothalamic neuropeptide Y (NPY) system, along with levels of circulating corticosterone (CORT), were examined in rats at different times across the light/dark cycle. Tissue samples were taken from the mediobasal hypothalamus (MBH), which contains the primary hypothalamic NPY cell group of the arcuate nucleus (ARC), and the mediodorsal (MDH)(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) given by the intracerebroventricular (ICV) route in the rat evokes hyperphagic-like feeding. To examine the molecular nature of action of NPY, comparisons were made between the central effects of this peptide and a newly synthesized amino-terminus fragment, NPY1-27. A single guide tube was implanted stereotaxically to rest just above a(More)
Norepinephrine (NE) and serotonin (5-HT) in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) have opposite effects on feeding, with NE stimulating carbohydrate intake through alpha 2 noradrenergic receptors and 5-HT inhibiting carbohydrate intake. This study examined the action of drugs that affect brain monoaminergic systems, in terms of their impact on nutrient intake(More)
gamma-Aminobutyric acidB (GABAB) receptor recognition sites that inhibit cyclic AMP formation, open potassium channels, and close calcium channels are coupled to these effector systems by guanine nucleotide binding proteins (G proteins). These G proteins are ADP-ribosylated by islet-activating protein (IAP), also known as pertussis toxin. This process(More)
Serotonin [5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)] is involved in the production of emesis associated with cisplatin treatment. Serotonin released from intestinal enterochromaffin cells may act either directly on vagal afferents and/or pass to the circulation and stimulate central emetic centers. However, the role for circulating 5-HT has not been determined. In this(More)
Cognitive, behavioral, and motor impairments, during progressive human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection, are linked to activation of brain mononuclear phagocytes (MP; perivascular macrophages and microglia). Activated MPs effect a giant cell encephalitis and neuroinflammatory responses that are mirrored in severe combined immunodeficient(More)
Male rats were castrated before puberty. When they were adult, the activity of their mesolimbic dopamine system was tested by ventral striatum microdialysis. Amphetamine injections increased dopamine more in castrated rats than in normal rats. This exaggerated response was attenuated by testosterone replacement therapy. The mechanism by which androgens(More)