Learn More
Stroke is accompanied by a distinguished inflammatory reaction that is initiated by the infiltration of immunocytes, expression of cytokines, and other inflammatory mediators. As natural killer cells (NK cells) are a type of cytotoxic lymphocyte critical to the innate immune system, we investigated the mechanism of NK cells-induced brain injuries after(More)
Fructose is a key dietary factor in the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Here we investigated whether WAY-362450 (WAY), a potent synthetic and orally active FXR agonist, protects against fructose-induced steatosis and the underlying mechanisms. C57BL/6J mice, fed 30% fructose for 8 weeks, were treated with or without WAY, 30 mg/kg,(More)
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common liver diseases, and the pathogenesis is still not well known. The farnesoid X receptor (FXR) is a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily and plays an essential role in maintaining bile acid and lipid homeostasis. In this study, we study the role of FXR in the pathogenesis of(More)
Patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) are often diagnosed with advanced diseases that respond poorly to chemotherapy. Here we reported that Apollon, a membrane-associated inhibitor of apoptosis protein, was overexpressed in ESCC cell lines and clinical ESCC tissues, and Apollon overexpression clinically correlated with poor response to(More)
The change of oligosaccharide structure has been revealed to be crucial for glycoproteins' biological functions and cell biological characteristics. N-acetylglucosaminy transferase V (GnT-V), a key enzyme catalysing the reaction of adding β1, 6-N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) on asparagine-linked oligosaccharides of cell proteins, has been implicated to a(More)
The association between the temporal activation of Wnt/β-catenin pathway and the spontaneous hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development in Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) knockout mice is not well understood. We found that Huh7 cells depleted with FXR by RNAi showed enhanced cell growth, migration and invasion in vitro and accelerated tumor xenografts formation(More)
Generally, most of ovarian cancer cannot be detected until large scale and remote metastasis occurs, which is the major cause of high mortality in ovarian cancer. Therefore, it is urgent to discover metastasis-related biomarkers for the detection of ovarian cancer in its occult metastasis stage. Altered glycosylation is a universal feature of malignancy and(More)
Innate immune signaling associated with Toll-like receptors (TLRs) is a key pathway involved in the progression of liver fibrosis. In this study, we reported that TLR2 is required for hepatic fibrogenesis induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). After CCl4 treatment, TLR2(-/-) mice had reduced liver enzyme levels, diminished collagen deposition, decreased(More)
Interleukin-9 (IL-9) was initially thought to be a type 2 T helper (Th2)-associated cytokine involved in the regulation of autoimmune responses by affecting multiple cell types. However, it was recently shown that IL-9-producing CD4+ T cells represent a discrete subset of Th cells, designated Th9 cells. Although Th9 cells have been shown to be important in(More)
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is characterized by uncontrolled proliferation of autoreactive T lymphocytes, with markedly increased secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines. To further dissect the pathogenetic pathways of this disease, we exposed T lymphocytes from EAE rats, which were specific for myelin basic protein (MBP) to a modeled(More)