Xijun Liu

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BACKGROUND Differentiation therapy has been shown effective in treatment of several types of cancer cells and may prove to be effective in treatment of glioblastoma multiforme, the most common and most aggressive primary brain tumor. Although extensively used as a reagent to inhibit protein synthesis in mammalian cells, whether cycloheximide treatment leads(More)
Fructose is a key dietary factor in the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Here we investigated whether WAY-362450 (WAY), a potent synthetic and orally active FXR agonist, protects against fructose-induced steatosis and the underlying mechanisms. C57BL/6J mice, fed 30% fructose for 8 weeks, were treated with or without WAY, 30 mg/kg,(More)
Nucleophosmin (NPM1/B23) and the activating transcription factor 5 (ATF5) are both known to subject to cell type-dependent regulation. NPM1 is expressed weakly in hepatocytes and highly expressed in hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) with a clear correlation between enhanced NPM1 expression and increased tumor grading and poor prognosis, whereas in contrast,(More)
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common liver diseases, and the pathogenesis is still not well known. The farnesoid X receptor (FXR) is a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily and plays an essential role in maintaining bile acid and lipid homeostasis. In this study, we study the role of FXR in the pathogenesis of(More)
Patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) are often diagnosed with advanced diseases that respond poorly to chemotherapy. Here we reported that Apollon, a membrane-associated inhibitor of apoptosis protein, was overexpressed in ESCC cell lines and clinical ESCC tissues, and Apollon overexpression clinically correlated with poor response to(More)
Innate immune signaling associated with Toll-like receptors (TLRs) is a key pathway involved in the progression of liver fibrosis. In this study, we reported that TLR2 is required for hepatic fibrogenesis induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). After CCl4 treatment, TLR2(-/-) mice had reduced liver enzyme levels, diminished collagen deposition, decreased(More)
Generally, most of ovarian cancer cannot be detected until large scale and remote metastasis occurs, which is the major cause of high mortality in ovarian cancer. Therefore, it is urgent to discover metastasis-related biomarkers for the detection of ovarian cancer in its occult metastasis stage. Altered glycosylation is a universal feature of malignancy and(More)
The association between the temporal activation of Wnt/β-catenin pathway and the spontaneous hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development in Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) knockout mice is not well understood. We found that Huh7 cells depleted with FXR by RNAi showed enhanced cell growth, migration and invasion in vitro and accelerated tumor xenografts formation(More)
As a very important second messenger, Ca(2+) plays the role of adjusting various cellular physiological processes through calcium oscillations. In this paper, a further theoretical study is conducted to explore the kinetic behavior of the calcium signals based on a mathematical model. At first, the causes behind the appearance and disappearance of calcium(More)
Large-scale biomass estimates are primarily based on the estimation of biomass at the stand level. The accurate estimation of forest biomass at the stand level is vital for regional carbon budgets, estimates of the global carbon cycle, and reports on stock changes required by the Kyoto Protocol. However, currently available stand-level methods do not(More)