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BACKGROUND Traditionally, open reduction and internal fixation is an acceptable choice for treating displaced glenoid articular fracture. Considering some major complications associated with open surgery, however, surgeons have explored a less invasive way to achieve fixation. PURPOSE This investigation was undertaken to evaluate the clinical results of(More)
BACKGROUND Gluteal muscle contracture (GMC) is a clinical syndrome due to multiple etiologies in which hip movements may be severely limited. The aim of this study was to propose a detailed classification of GMC and evaluate the statistical association between outcomes of different management and patient conditions. METHODS One hundred fifty-eight(More)
STUDY DESIGN An in vitro biomechanical study. OBJECTIVE To determine the initial stability of a novel construct in a 1-level cadaveric cervical spine model by comparing it with a conventional method. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Lots of endeavors have been made to enhance fusion rates and reduce complications in the anterior cervical spine procedure. (More)
BACKGROUND Gluteal muscle contracture (GMC) is a multi-factor human chronic fibrotic disease of the gluteal muscle. Fibrotic tissue is characterized by excessive accumulation of collagen in the muscle's extracellular matrix. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 and -beta2 are thought to play an important role in fibrogenesis, while TGF-beta3 is believed(More)
BACKGROUND Cervical disc arthroplasty is being used as an alternative degenerative disc disease treatment with fusion of the cervical spine in order to preserve motion. However, whether replacement arthoplasty in the spine achieves its primary patient centered objective of lowering the frequency of adjacent segment degeneration is not verified yet. (More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the possibility of repairing spinal cord injury by bone marrow stromal cell (MSC) transplantation and microinjection of chondroitinase ABC (ChABC) in adult rats. METHODS MSCs isolated from the femoral and tibial bones of new-born Wistar rats were cultured and the cell density was adjusted to 1×10(5)µl before transplantation. SD(More)
BACKGROUND Tranexamic acid (TXA) is well-established as a versatile oral, intramuscular, and intravenous (IV) antifibrinolytic agent. However, the efficacy of IV TXA in reducing perioperative blood transfusion in spinal surgery is poorly documented. METHODOLOGY We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-randomized(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of our study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of posterior vs. anterior instrumentation for the treatment of spinal tuberculosis in adults. METHODS The electronic databases such as PubMed, MEDLINE, Springer, EMBASE, Google scholar, and Cochrane library were searched to select the potentially relevant reports that compared the(More)
Avascular necrosis of a vertebral body, a relatively uncommon entity, is caused by malignancy, infection, radiation, systemic steroid treatment, trauma, and the like.1 Vertebral osteonecrosis induced by trauma is called Kvmell's disease, because it was initially described by Hermann Kvmell of Germany in 1891.2 This paper reported a young female with(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in acute spinal cord following a thoracic spinal cord injury (SCI), and to determine the optimal time of examination. Sprague-Dawley rats were used as experimental animals and contusion injuries were made at the T10 vertebral level. The rats were(More)