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Cyclic RGD peptide-decorated polymeric micellar-like nanoparticles (MNP) based on PEGylated poly (trimethylene carbonate) (PEG-PTMC) were prepared for active targeting to integrin-rich cancer cells. An amphiphilic diblock copolymer, α-carboxyl poly (ethylene glycol)-poly (trimethylene carbonate) (HOOC-PEG-PTMC), was synthesized by ring-opening(More)
PURPOSE The efficacy of pro-angiogenic therapy is difficult to evaluate with current diagnostic modalities. The objectives were to develop a non-invasive imaging strategy to define the temporal characteristics of angiogenesis and to evaluate the response to pro-angiogenic therapy in diabetic stroke mouse models. METHODS A home-made ανβ3 integrin-targeted(More)
Deacety mycoepoxydiene (DM), extracted from Phomopsis sp. A123 of thalassiomycetes, is a novel and potent anti-cancer agent. Due to its physicochemical characteristics, the drug, a poorly water-soluble weak acid, shows poor solubility and dissolution characteristics. To improve the solubility and dissolution, formulation of DM as nanosuspension has been(More)
To investigate the multivalent effect for up-regulating the intracerebral delivery of nanoparticles via receptor-mediated transcytosis. Nanoparticles labeled with near-infrared (NIR) fluorophore and different numbers of angiopep-2 peptides that specifically target low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) on the brain capillary endothelial(More)
Gold nanorod-mediated photothermal therapy has been widely explored for cancer treatment. However, timely evaluation of the therapeutic response is difficult as current diagnostic approaches are largely based on measurements of tumor volume. The present study developed a non-invasive imaging strategy to rapidly assess the efficacy of photothermal therapy in(More)
The extremely low permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) poses the greatest impediment in the treatment of central nervous system (CNS) diseases. Recent work indicated that BBB permeability can be up-regulated by activating A2A adenosine receptor (AR), which temporarily increases intercellular spaces between the brain capillary endothelial cells.(More)
Ischemic stroke accounts for 80% strokes and originates from a reduction of cerebral blood flow (CBF) after vascular occlusion. For treatment, the first action is to restore CBF by thrombolytic agent recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA). Although rt-PA benefits clinical outcome, its application is limited by short therapeutic time window(More)
Ischemic stroke is a leading cause of adult disability and cognitive impairment worldwide. Neuroprotective therapy aims to save neurons by impeding the deleterious ischemic insults. However, the low efficiency of the neuroprotectants crossing blood brain barrier (BBB) prevents their clinical translation. In this work, a nanoagonist (NA) was developed to(More)
Surgical resection is a mainstay in the treatment of malignant brain tumors. Surgeons, however, face great challenges in distinguishing tumor margins due to their infiltrated nature. Here, a pair of gold nanoprobes that enter a brain tumor by crossing the blood-brain barrier is developed. The acidic tumor environment triggers their assembly with the(More)