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Enhanced activity of the central dopamine system has been implicated in many psychiatric disorders including schizophrenia and addiction. Besides terminal mechanisms that boost dopamine levels at the synapse, the cell body of dopamine cells enhances terminal dopamine concentration through encoding action potentials in bursts. This paper presents evidence(More)
Enhanced activity of the dopaminergic system originating in the ventral tegmental area is implicated in addictive and psychiatric disorders. Burst firing increases dopamine levels at the synapse to signal novelty and salience. We have previously reported a calcium-dependent burst firing of dopamine cells mediated by L-type channels following cholinergic(More)
Dopaminergic projections from the ventral tegmental area (VTA) constitute the mesolimbocortical system that underlies addiction and psychosis primarily as a result of increased dopaminergic transmission. Dopamine release is spike dependent. L-type calcium channels (LTCCs) play an important role in regulating firing activities, but the contribution of(More)
We have previously reported that dopamine (DA) depresses non-NMDA receptor-mediated glutamatergic transmission in the rat parabrachial nucleus (PBN), an interface between brainstem and forebrain that is implicated in autonomic regulation. This work examined cellular signalling pathways that might underlie this DA-induced synaptic depression. Direct(More)
Dopaminergic projections from the ventral tegmental area (VTA) constitute the mesolimbocortical system that underlies addiction and psychosis primarily as the result of increased dopaminergic transmission. Dopaminergic neurons in the VTA receive glutamatergic and cholinergic innervations that regulate their firing activities. Both transmitter systems can(More)
OBJECTIVE Ghrelin is a 28-amino acid orexigenic peptide synthesized mainly in the stomach. Acute administration of ghrelin has been found to decrease insulin secretion. However, little data is available regarding whether ghrelin contributes to the long-term regulation of insulin resistance at the population level. The aim of this study is to investigate the(More)
Nicotine use is one of the most common forms of drug addiction. Although L-type calcium channels (LTCCs) are involved in nicotine addiction, the contribution of the two primary LTCC subtypes (Cav1.2 and 1.3) is unknown. This study aims to determine the contribution of these two LTCC subtypes to nicotine-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) responses(More)
Early odor preference learning occurs in one-week-old rodents when a novel odor is paired with a tactile stimulation mimicking maternal care. β-Adrenoceptors and L-type calcium channels (LTCCs) in the anterior piriform cortex (aPC) are critically involved in this learning. However, whether β-adrenoceptors interact directly with LTCCs in aPC pyramidal cells(More)
of PGE 2 fever at near term: reduced thermogenesis but not enhanced vasopressin antipyresis. Am. Fevers are known to be suppressed near term in the mother, but the mechanism responsible for this phenomenon is not understood. We tested the hypothesis that the suppression of fever at term is a result of enhanced vasopressin-induced antipyresis. Effects of(More)
Two key variables in blast furnace ironmaking - silicon content in hot metal ([Si]) and hot metal temperature (FeW) are considered and used to represent the thermal state in hot metal, while hourly output of hot metal (Fe/H) is used to represent the efficiency of ironmaking. The data is preprocessed by wavelet analysis to denoise and remove outliers. Fuzzy(More)