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The water-soluble polysaccharides (EPS) were isolated from culture broth of Enterobacter cloacae Z0206, and the hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of EPS were investigated. In this study, KKAy mice were gavaged once daily with either distilled water or EPS (200 mg/kg body weight) for 6 weeks. Results showed that EPS possessed significant hypoglycemic(More)
This study determined effects of dietary supplementation with l-arginine (Arg) or N-carbamylglutamate (NCG) on intestinal health and growth in early-weaned pigs. Eighty-four Landrace × Yorkshire pigs (average body weight of 5.56 ± 0.07 kg; weaned at 21 days of age) were fed for 7 days one of the three isonitrogenous diets: (1) a corn- and soybean meal-based(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of oral supplementation with a combination of arginine and glutamine on the intestinal mucosa and inflammatory cytokines of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced adult rats. Fifty Sprague–Dawley rats (average weight of 185 ± 15 g) were randomly divided into five groups: control group A (CA) and control group(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate effects of dietary l-lysine on the intestinal mucosa and expression of cationic amino acid transporters (CAT) in weaned piglets. Twenty-eight piglets weaned at 21 days of age (Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire; 6.51 ± 0.65 kg body weight) were assigned randomly into one of the four groups: Zein + LYS (zein-based diet +(More)
Selenium-enriched exopolysaccharides (EPS) produced by Enterobacter cloacae Z0206 have been proven to possess effect on reducing blood glucose level in diabetic mice. To investigate the specific mechanism, we studied the effects of oral supply with EPS on skeletal muscle glucose transportation and consumption in high-fat-diet-induced diabetic KKAy mice. We(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is now the most common cause of chronic liver disease among children and adolescents in the developed world. Betaine, as a methyl donor, recently has been demonstrated to exert its hepatoprotective effects through rectifying the genomic DNA hypomethylation state. However, whether betaine supplementation affects(More)
The current study was conducted to determine whether betaine could improve fatty acid oxidation, mitochondrial function and N6-methyladenosine (m(6)A) mRNA methylation in adipose tissue in high-fat-induced mice and how AMP-activated protein kinase α1 subunit (AMPKα1) was involved. AMPKα1 knockout mice and wild-type mice were fed either a low-fat diet,(More)
Methionine restriction (MR) exerts many beneficial effects, such as increasing longevity, decreasing oxidative damage and alleviating inflammatory responses. Much attention has been recently focused on the effects of MR on metabolic health, especially lipid metabolism, since the increasing incidence of obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes causes(More)
Skeletal muscle plays important roles in whole-body energy homeostasis. Excessive skeletal muscle lipid accumulation is associated with some metabolic diseases such as obesity and Type 2 Diabetes. The energy sensor AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase) is a key regulator of skeletal muscle lipid metabolism, but the precise regulatory mechanism remains to be(More)
Resveratrol improves mitochondrial function, and recent evidences demonstrate that miRNAs play important roles in certain effects of resveratrol. In the current study, we found that a microRNA, miR-27b, was significantly induced in a dose-dependent way in skeletal muscle and C2C12 myoblast treated with resveratrol. Our results showed that overexpression of(More)