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Isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase (EC 5.3.3.2, IPI) catalyzes the revisable conversion of 5-carbon isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) and its allylic isomer dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP), which are the essential precursors for isoprenoids, including anti-tumor camptothecin. Here we report cloning, characterization and functional expression of a new cDNA(More)
Gram-positive bacteria have become the most common organisms responsible for the development of sepsis. Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is the major gram-positive pathogen in both community-acquired and nosocomial infections. The Mortality associated with nosocomial infections caused by S. aureus may vary but are generally high. In the present study, we(More)
Sepsis induced by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has worse outcome because of multiresistance to a large group of antibiotics, which may lead to death from septic shock. In the present study, we firstly found that artesunate in combination with oxacillin was capable of protecting mice challenged with live MRSA WHO-2 (WHO-2) and the(More)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has become an important bacterium for nosocomial infection. Only a few antibiotics can be effective against MRSA. Therefore, searching for new drugs against MRSA is important. Herein, anti-MRSA activities of emodin and its mechanisms were investigated. Firstly, in vitro antimicrobial activity was(More)
Innate immunity is the first line of defense in human beings against pathogen infection; monocytes/macrophages are the primary cells of the innate immune system. Recently, macrophages/monocytes have been discovered to participate in LPS clearance, and the clearance efficiency determines the magnitude of the inflammatory response and subsequent organ injury.(More)
The resistance of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to radiation is the major reason for radiotherapy failure of this kind cancer. Currently, there is no effective radiosensitizer in clinical use. Artemisinin and its derivates enhance radiotherapeutic effect in some kinds of tumors; however, whether artemisinin and its derivates can enhance the(More)
Artemisinin (ART) and its derivatives artesunate (AS), dihydroartemisinin (DHA) are a group of drugs containing a sesquiterpene lactone used to treat malaria. Previously, AS was shown to not have antibacterial activity but to significantly increase the antibacterial activities of β-lactam antibiotics against E. coli. Herein, molecular docking experiments(More)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has now emerged as a predominant and serious pathogen because of its resistance to a large group of antibiotics, leading to high morbidity and mortality. Therefore, to develop new agents against resistance is urgently required. Previously, artesunate (AS) was found to enhance the antibacterial effect of(More)
TLR9 is a receptor for sensing bacterial DNA/CpG-containing oligonucleotides (CpG ODN). The extracellular domain (ECD) of human TLR9 (hTLR9) is composed of 25 leucine-rich repeats (LRR) contributing to the binding of CpG ODN. Herein, we showed that among LRR2, -5, -8, and -11, LRR11 of hTLR9 had the highest affinity for CpG ODN followed by LRR2 and -5,(More)
Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) recognises unmethylated CpG DNA and activates a signalling cascade, leading to the production of inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-1, IL-6 and IL-12 via the adaptor protein MyD88. However, the specific sequence and structural requirements of the CpG DNA for the recognition of and binding to TLR9 are unknown. Moreover, the(More)