Xiarong Tong

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Convective effects on free dendritic crystal growth into a supercooled melt in two dimensions are investigated using the phase-field method. The phase-field model incorporates both melt convection and thermal noise. A multigrid method is used to solve the conservation equations for flow. To fully resolve the diffuse interface region and the interactions of(More)
Toner is a key material for the xerographic printing and copying industry. Compared to conventional pulverized toner particles, emulsion aggregation (EA) toner particles could adhere more strongly to substrates and their property distributions are narrower because of their near-perfect spherical shape and higher surface free energy. However, in general,(More)
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