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An efficacious vaccine is needed to control Chlamydia trachomatis infection. In the murine model of Chlamydia muridarum genital infection, multifunctional mucosal CD4 T cells are the foundation for protective immunity, with antibody playing a secondary role. We previously identified four Chlamydia outer membrane proteins (PmpE, PmpF, PmpG and PmpH) as CD4 T(More)
CD4 T cell immune responses such as interferon-γ and tumor necrosis factor-α secretion are necessary for Chlamydia immunity. We used an immunoproteomic approach in which Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia muridarum-derived peptides presented by MHC class II molecules on the surface of infected dendritic cells (DCs) were identified by tandem mass(More)
We investigated the phenotypic basis for genetically determined differences in susceptibility and resistance to Chlamydia muridarum pulmonary infection using BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice. Following C. muridarum intranasal inoculation, the intensity of infection was very different between BALB/c and C57BL/6 beginning as early as 3 days post-infection.(More)
Major impediments to developing a Chlamydia vaccine lie in identifying immunologically relevant T-cell antigens and delivery in a manner to stimulate protective immunity. Using an immunoproteomic approach, we previously identified three immunodominant Chlamydia T-cell antigens (PmpG-1, PmpE/F-2, and RplF). Because RplF has high homology to a human ortholog,(More)
Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common preventable cause of tubal infertility in women. In high-income countries, despite public health control efforts, C. trachomatis case rates continue to rise. Most medium and low-income countries lack any Chlamydia control program; therefore, a vaccine is essential for the control of Chlamydia infections. A rationally(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) appear to orchestrate much of the immunobiology of Chlamydia infection, but most studies of Chlamydia-DC interaction have been limited by the availability and heterogeneity of primary bone marrow-derived DCs (BMDCs). We therefore evaluated the immunobiology of Chlamydia muridarum infection in an immortal DC line termed JAWS II derived(More)
Mice that were intranasally vaccinated with live or dead Chlamydia muridarum with or without CpG-containing oligodeoxynucleotide 1862 elicited widely disparate levels of protective immunity to genital tract challenge. We found that the frequency of multifunctional T cells coexpressing IFN-γ and TNF-α with or without IL-2 induced by live C. muridarum most(More)
Chlamydia infections cause substantial morbidity worldwide and effective prevention will depend on a vaccine. Since Chlamydia immunity is T cell-mediated, a major impediment to developing a molecular vaccine has been the difficulty in identifying relevant T cell Ags. In this study, we used a combination of affinity chromatography and tandem mass(More)
Major impediments to a Chlamydia vaccine lie in discovering T cell antigens and polarizing adjuvants that stimulate protective immunity. We previously reported the discovery of three T cell antigens (PmpG, PmpF, and RplF) via immunoproteomics that elicited protective immunity in the murine genital tract infection model against Chlamydia infection after(More)
Immune responses to Chlamydia trachomatis underlay both immunity and immunopathology. Immunopathology in turn has been attributed to chronic persistent infection with persistence being defined as the presence of organisms in the absence of replication. We hypothesized that dendritic cells (DCs) play a central role in Chlamydia immunity and immunopathology(More)