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During growth on crystalline cellulose, the thermophilic bacterium Caldicellulosiruptor bescii secretes several cellulose-degrading enzymes. Among these enzymes is CelA (CbCel9A/Cel48A), which is reported as the most highly secreted cellulolytic enzyme in this bacterium. CbCel9A/Cel48A is a large multi-modular polypeptide, composed of an N-terminal(More)
The glycoside hydrolases (GH) of Caldicellulosiruptor bescii are thermophilic enzymes, and therefore they can hydrolyze plant cell wall polysaccharides at high temperatures. Analyses of two C. bescii glycoside hydrolases, CbCelA-TM1 and CbXyn10A with cellulase and endoxylanase activity, respectively, demonstrated that each enzyme is highly thermostable(More)
BACKGROUND The filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei has the capacity to secret large amounts of cellulase and is widely used in a variety of industries. However, the T. reesei cellulase is weak in β-glucosidase activity, which results in accumulation of cellobiose inhibiting the endo- and exo-cellulases. By expressing an exogenous β-glucosidase gene, the(More)
Understanding the dynamics of the key pectinase, polygalacturonase, and improving its thermotolerance and catalytic efficiency are of importance for the cost-competitive bioconversion of pectic materials. By combining structure analysis and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, eight mutagenesis sites having the potential to form cation-π interactions were(More)
BACKGROUND β-Glucanase is one of the most extensively used biocatalysts in biofuel, food and animal feed industries. However, the poor thermostability and low catalytic efficiency of most reported β-glucanases limit their applications. Currently, two strategies are used to overcome these bottlenecks, i.e., mining for novel enzymes from extremophiles and(More)
Caldicellulosiruptor bescii encodes at least six unique multimodular glycoside hydrolases crucial for plant cell wall polysaccharides degradation, with each having two catalytic domains separated by two to three carbohydrate binding modules. Among the six enzymes, three have one N- or C-terminal GH5 domain with identical amino acid sequences. Despite a few(More)
Intramolecular mobility and conformational changes of flexible loops have important roles in the structural and functional integrity of proteins. The Achaetomium sp. Xz8 endo-polygalacturonase (PG8fn) of glycoside hydrolase (GH) family 28 is distinguished for its high catalytic activity (28,000 U/mg). Structure modeling indicated that PG8fn has a flexible(More)
To know how the two transcription repressors Cre1 and ACEI affect their downstream genes, a new strategy was employed in which a plasmid encoding a chimeric transcription activator containing the DNA binding domains from Cre1 and ACEI and the effector domain from ACEII was constructed and transformed into Trich-oderma reesei. Nineteen elevated transcripts(More)
RESEARCH Oxidation of a non-phenolic lignin model compound by two Irpex lacteus manganese peroxidases: evidence for implication of carboxylate and radicals Abstract Background: Manganese peroxidase is one of the Class II fungal peroxidases that are able to oxidize the low redox potential phenolic lignin compounds. For high redox potential non-phenolic(More)
The small heat shock protein IbpB of Escherichia coli can accelerate protein disaggregation from inclusion body by Hsp100-Hsp70 re-activation system in vitro. It was therefore hypothesized that overexpression of IbpB might be able to promote protein disaggregation from inclusion body, by which more soluble recombinant proteins would be obtained. The(More)