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Biomass conversion into forms of energy is receiving current attention because of environmental, energy supply and agricultural concerns. This objective of this paper is to report on the environmental, energy, economic, and technological aspects of using switchgrass (panicum virgatum) as a replacement for coal in power generation. To examine the effects of(More)
The present paper reports on the facile preparation of novel Ni(II)-based metal-organic coordination polymer nanoparticle/reduced graphene oxide (NiCPNP/rGO) nanocomposites for the first time. The formation of the nanocomposites occurs in a single step, carried out by hydrothermal treatment of the mixture of tannic acid functioned graphene oxide and NiCl(2)(More)
The present communication reports on the first use of commercially available three-dimensional porous Ni foam (NF) as a novel electrochemical sensing platform for nonenzymatic glucose detection. NF not only acts as a working electrode, but also functions as an effective electrocatalyst for electrooxidation of glucose. The sensor exhibits high selectivity(More)
In this paper, we develop a cost-effective and simple route for the synthesis of Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) decorated graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets using polyoxyethylene sorbitol anhydride monolaurate (TWEEN 20) as a stabilizing agent for GO as well as a reducing and immobilizing agent for AuNPs. The AuNPs assemble on the surface of TWEEN-functionalized GO(More)
Increasing reaction temperature produces photoluminescent polymer nanodots (PPNDs) with decreased particle size and increased quantum yield. Such PPNDs are used as an effective fluorescent sensing platform for label-free sensitive and selective detection of Cu(II) ions with a detection limit as low as 1 nM. This method is successfully applied to determine(More)
The present article reports on a simple, economical, and green preparative strategy toward water-soluble, fluorescent carbon nanoparticles (CPs) with a quantum yield of approximately 6.9% by hydrothermal process using low cost wastes of pomelo peel as a carbon source for the first time. We further explore the use of such CPs as probes for a fluorescent(More)
In this work, we develop a novel environmentally friendly strategy toward one-pot synthesis of CuS nanoparticle-decorated reduced graphene oxide (CuS/rGO) nanocomposites with the use of L-cysteine, an amino acid, as a reducing agent, sulfur donor, and linker to anchor CuS nanoparticles onto the surface of rGO sheets. Upon visible light illumination (λ > 400(More)
The present communication demonstrates the proof of concept of using CoFe layered double hydroxide (CoFe-LDHs) nanoplates as an effective peroxidase mimetic to catalyze the oxidation of peroxidase substrate 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine in the presence of H(2)O(2) to produce a blue solution. We further demonstrate successfully CoFe-LDHs nanoplate-based(More)
In this communication, we demonstrate the proof of concept that carbon nanocapsules (CNCs) can be used as an effective fluorescent sensing platform for nucleic acid detection with selectivity down to single-base mismatch. The detection is accomplished by two steps: (1) CNC adsorbs and quenches the fluorescence of the dye-labeled single-stranded DNA (ssDNA)(More)