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PURPOSE The majority of Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) cases are caused by one of three mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) primary mutations (m.3460G>A, m.11778G>A, and m.14484T>C). In recent studies, we and others have shown that mutation m.3635G>A is a primary LHON mutation, particularly in Chinese. The purpose of this study was to perform a thorough(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to identify mutations in 25 known causative genes in 47 unrelated Chinese families with cone-rod dystrophy (CORD). METHODS Forty-seven probands from unrelated families with CORD were recruited. Genomic DNA prepared from leukocytes was analyzed by whole exome sequencing. Variants in the 25 genes were selected and then(More)
Our work strongly suggests that microRNA858 regulates anthocyanin biosynthesis in tomato by modulating the expression of two R2R3 MYB transcription factors, underscoring the importance of microRNAs in the gene regulatory network controlling specialized metabolism in plants. The biological functions of microRNA858 (miR858), a recently identified small RNA,(More)
Recent studies have shown that mtDNA background could affect the clinical expression of Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON). We analyzed the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation of 304 Chinese patients with m.11778G>A (sample #1) and of 843 suspected LHON patients who lack the three primary mutations (sample #2) to discern mtDNA haplogroup effect on(More)
PURPOSE To test the association of the X-chromosome regions (Xp21.1-q21.2 and Xq25-27.2) with Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) in Chinese patients. METHODS One hundred and seventy-five male LHON patients with the G11778A mutation and 100 unrelated normal males participated. Twelve microsatellite markers and four single-nucleotide polymorphisms(More)
BACKGROUND Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) is the earliest onset and most severe form of hereditary retinal dystrophy. So far, full spectrum of variations in the 15 genes known to cause LCA has not been systemically evaluated in East Asians. Therefore, we performed comprehensive detection of variants in these 15 genes in 87 unrelated Han Chinese patients(More)
PURPOSE The CTNND2 gene is located in the linkage interval of high myopia locus MYP16 and two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; rs6885224 and rs12716080) in CTNND2 were recently shown to associate with high myopia. This study evaluated such associations in an independent case-control series. METHODS A total of 2773 unrelated individuals were enrolled(More)
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is the most common and highly heterogeneous form of hereditary retinal degeneration. This study was to identify mutations in the 60 genes that were known to be associated with RP in 157 unrelated Chinese families with RP. Genomic DNA from probands was initially analyzed by whole exome sequencing. Sanger sequencing was used to(More)
According to a recent genome-wide linkage scan and association study of families with m.11778G>A in Thailand, two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs3749446 and rs1402000) in the presenilins-associated rhomboid-like (PARL) gene were found to be associated with Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON). In order to verify this association in Chinese(More)
PURPOSE Four single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the TGIF, lumican, TGFB1, and HGF genes have been declared to be associated with high myopia in Chinese living in southeast China, but none of them has been confirmed by additional studies. This study was conducted to verify the reported positive association results by analysis of subjects from the same(More)