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Clock genes respond to external stimuli and exhibit circadian rhythms. This study investigated the expression of clock genes in the small intestine and their contribution in the regulation of nutrient absorption by enterocytes. We examined expression of clock genes and macronutrient transport proteins in the small intestines of wild-type and Clock mutant(More)
Plasma lipids are maintained within a narrow physiologic range and exhibit circadian rhythmicity. Plasma triglyceride and cholesterol levels were high in the night due to changes in apolipoprotein B-lipoproteins in ad libitum fed rats and mice maintained in a 12-h photoperiod. Absorption of [(3)H]triolein or [(3)H]cholesterol was higher at 2400 h than at(More)
BACKGROUND Clock is a key transcription factor that positively controls circadian regulation. However, its role in plasma cholesterol homeostasis and atherosclerosis has not been studied. METHODS AND RESULTS We show for the first time that dominant-negative Clock mutant protein (Clock(Δ19/Δ19)) enhances plasma cholesterol and atherosclerosis in 3(More)
Our knowledge of how the body absorbs triacylglycerols (TAG) from the diet and how this process is regulated has increased at a rapid rate in recent years. Dietary TAG are hydrolyzed in the intestinal lumen to free fatty acids (FFA) and monoacylglycerols (MAG), which are taken up by enterocytes from their apical side, transported to the endoplasmic(More)
In mammals, most physiological, biochemical, and behavioral processes show a circadian rhythm. In the present study, we examined the diurnal rhythm of the H+-peptide cotransporter (PEPT1), which transports small peptides and peptide-like drugs in the small intestine and kidney, using rats maintained in a 12-h photoperiod with free access to chow. The(More)
Carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) interferes with triglyceride secretion and causes steatosis, fibrosis, and necrosis. In mice, CCl(4) decreased plasma triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, increased cellular lipids, and reduced microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) without diminishing mRNA levels. Similarly, CCl(4) decreased apoB-lipoprotein production and(More)
The intestinal Na(+)/glucose cotransporter 1 (SGLT1) and H(+)/peptide cotransporter 1 (PEPT1) play important roles in the absorption of carbohydrate and protein. Although they exhibit a diurnal rhythm in their expression and function, the factors responsible for this are unclear. In the present study, we examined the effects of various feeding conditions on(More)
We examined the role of clock genes in the diurnal regulation of plasma triglyceride-rich apolipoprotein B-lipoproteins and their biosynthetic chaperone, microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP). Clock(mt/mt) mice showed sustained hypertriglyceridemia and high MTP expression. CLOCK knockdown activated MTP promoter and reduced small heterodimer partner(More)
Among all the metabolites present in the plasma, lipids, mainly triacylglycerol and diacylglycerol, show extensive circadian rhythms. These lipids are transported in the plasma as part of lipoproteins. Lipoproteins are synthesized primarily in the liver and intestine and their production exhibits circadian rhythmicity. Studies have shown that various(More)
BACKGROUND Efficient metabolic function in mammals depends on the circadian clock, which drives temporal regulation of metabolic processes. Nocturnin is a clock-regulated deadenylase that controls its target mRNA expression posttranscriptionally through poly(A) tail removal. Mice lacking nocturnin (Noc(-/-) mice) are resistant to diet-induced obesity and(More)