Xiaoyu Da

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We recently reported increased leg lean mass and strength in men with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) receiving 10 wk of testosterone (T) and leg resistance training (R) (Casaburi R, Bhasin S, Cosentino L, Porszasz J, Somfay A, Lewis M, Fournier M, Storer T. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 170: 870-878, 2004). The present study evaluates the role of(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of nutritional deprivation (ND) on signal transduction pathways influencing the translational apparatus in the diaphragm muscle. Male rats were divided into two groups: 1) 20% of usual food intake for 4 days (ND) with water provided at libitum and 2) free-eating control (Ctl). Total protein and RNA were(More)
Attenuation of muscle wasting has been reported with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) use in cachectic states. Pathways mediating muscle proteolysis with severe short-term nutritional deprivation (ND)±EPA were evaluated, including diaphragm fiber-specific cross-sectional areas, mRNA (real-time PCR) and protein expression (Western blot). Rats were divided into(More)
BACKGROUND A devastating condition that leads to trauma-related morbidity, multiple rib fractures, remain a serious unmet clinical need. Systemic administration of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been shown to regenerate various tissues. We hypothesized that parathyroid hormone (PTH) therapy would enhance MSC homing and differentiation, ultimately leading(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, has been implicated in several muscle wasting disorders with increased levels of the cytokine reported in malnourished children. The role of TNF-α in mediating malnutrition-induced inhibition of diaphragm (DIA) muscle growth in young growing rats was evaluated. Three groups of rats were studied: 1) Control (CTL); 2)(More)
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