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Tri-ortho-cresyl phosphate (TOCP) can cause a type of neurotoxicity known as organophosphate-induced delayed neuropathy (OPIDN). The characteristic axonal swelling containing aggregations of neurofilaments, microtubules, and multivesicular vesicles is consistent with a disturbance of axonal transport. We hypothesized that there existed a disturbance of(More)
Acrylamide (ACR) is known to produce central-peripheral distal axonopathy, which is characterized by distal swellings and secondary degeneration both in experimental animals and human. Ultrastructurally, excessive accumulation of neurofilaments (NFs) in the distal swollen axon is a major pathological hallmark. However, the mechanisms of ACR axonopathy(More)
Increased mesangial cell proliferation is one of the major pathologic features in the early stage of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Carnosine is an endogenously synthesized dipeptide that has been reported as a protective factor in diabetic nephropathy. However, the underlying mechanism involved in this effect remains to be elucidated. In this study, the effect(More)
In biochemical systems some of the chemical species are present with only small numbers of molecules. In this situation discrete and stochastic simulation approaches are more relevant than continuous and deterministic ones. The fundamental Gillespie's stochastic simulation algorithm (SSA) accounts for every reaction event, which occurs with a probability(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are stable, lipophilic compounds that accumulate in the environment and in the food chain. Though some studies provided evidence that PCBs had adverse effects on reproductive function, most of these results were from in vitro models. Therefore we investigated the effect of Aroclor 1254 (a commercial PCBs mixture) treatments(More)
The embryogenesis period is critical for epigenetic reprogramming and is thus of great significance in the research field of poultry epigenetics for elucidation of the trends in DNA methylation variations during the embryonic development of birds, particularly due to differences in embryogenesis between birds and mammals. Here, we first examined the(More)
The mechanisms involved in the persistence of activated CD4+ T lymphocytes following primary human T leukemia/lymphoma virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that the HTLV-1 Tax oncoprotein modulates phosphorylation and transcriptional activity of the FOXO3a transcription factor, via upstream activation of the AKT pathway. De(More)
The non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients that experienced good clinical response to epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKIs) will ultimately develop acquired resistance. This retrospective study was performed to explore the potential survival benefit of microwave ablation (MWA) therapy in epidermal growth factor receptor(More)
Chronic acrylamide (ACR) exposure induces peripheral-central axonopathy in occupational workers and laboratory animals, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we first investigated the effects of ACR on slow axonal transport of neurofilaments in cultured rat dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons through live-cell imaging approach. Then for(More)