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Myofibroblasts, also known as activated fibroblasts, constitute an important niche for tumor development through the promotion of angiogenesis. However, the mechanism of stromal fibroblast activation in tumor tissues has not been fully understood. A gastric cancer mouse model (Gan mice) was recently constructed by simultaneous activation of prostaglandin(More)
Although fluoride is known to stimulate bone formation, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Recent studies have implicated the Wnt/β-catenin pathway as a major signaling cascade in bone biology. Our earlier studies highlighted a probable role of canonical Wnt pathway in bone formation of chronic fluoride-exposed rats, but the mechanism(More)
INTRODUCTION This study examines the effectiveness of double-marker analysis for α-fetoprotein (AFP) and β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) combined with measurement of nuchal fold thickness (NT) in the detection of Down's syndrome (DS) in Mainland Chinese subjects during second trimester prenatal screening. MATERIALS AND METHODS We examined pregnant(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore whether there is difference in arsenicals-induced DNA damage of human lymphocyte. METHODS Lymphocyte were sterilely collected from healthy donor and exposed to sodium arsenite (AsIII), sodium arsenate(AsV) and methyl sodium arsenate(MAsv) at 1,5,10,20 and 50 mumol/L. After incubation of 24 hours, cells were collected by centrifugation(More)
Diesel exhaust has been classified as a potential carcinogen and is associated with various health effects. A previous study showed that the doses for manifesting the mutagenetic effects of diesel exhaust could be reduced when coexposed with ultraviolet-A (UVA) in a cellular system. However, the mechanisms underlying synergistic effects remain to be(More)
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), a common persistent organic pollutant, has been reported to show potential developmental toxicity in many animal studies. However, little was known about its effects on reproductive tissues, especially in the germ line. In the present study, Caenorhabditis elegans was used as an in vivo experimental model to study the(More)
Recently, radiation-induced bystander effects (RIBE) have been studied in mouse models in vivo, which clearly demonstrated bystander effects among somatic cells. However, there is currently no evidence for RIBE between somatic cells and germ cells in animal models in vivo. In the current study, the model animal Caenorhabditis elegans was used to investigate(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the combined effect of fluoride and aluminum on cell proliferation and differentiation as well as on the expression of Runx2 and Osterix mRNA in osteoblastic cell line. METHODS MC3T3-E1 cells were cultured in medium containing 50 micromol/L NaF or/and 5 micromol/L AlCl3. Cell proliferation and differentiation was examined and the(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital cataract is the most frequent cause of blindness during infancy or early childhood. To date, more than 40 loci associated with congenital cataract have been identified, including at least 26 genes on different chromosomes associated with inherited cataract. This present study aimed to identify the genetic mutation in a six-generation(More)
The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is the highest geographical unit in the world. Thus, it serves an important role in evaluating long-term ecologic conditions and environmental status and changes over time. This study summarizes major and trace element concentrations in biota and in water and soil. It also pays attention to gaseous pollutant and particle(More)