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Type 2 diabetes seriously affects human health and burdens public health systems. Pancreatic β‑cell apoptosis contributes to a reduction in β‑cell mass, which is responsible for the occurrence of type 2 diabetes. However, the mechanism that underlies this effect remains unclear. In the present study, the role of forkhead box O1 (Foxo1) was investigated(More)
Obesity and β-cell dysfunction due to oxidative stress impact the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus. We co-cultured 3T3L1 adipocytes and islet cells in the presence or absence of the antioxidant α-lipoic acid (LA) and assayed the effects of the adipocytes and LA on the secretion of insulin by the islet cells and on the activities of factors involved(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Global cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (GCIR) may incur neurocognitive impairment. Tea polyphenols (TP) have strong anti-oxidant capacity. This study planned to investigate the protective effect of TP against the neurocognitive impairment caused by GCIR and its mechanism. METHODS One-stage anterior approach for cerebral four-vessel occlusion(More)
Placental amino acid transporters and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) have been implicated to placental development and therefore regulation of fetal growth. We analyzed the correlation between the expression of amino acid transporters and PPARs and investigated whether PPARs control the expression of amino acid transporters in(More)
Spexin mRNA and protein are widely expressed in rat tissues and associate with weight loss in rodents of diet-induced obesity. Its location in endocrine and epithelial cells has also been suggested. Spexin is a novel peptide that involves weight loss in rodents of diet-induced obesity. Therefore, we aimed to examine its expression in human tissues and test(More)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine and metabolic disorder in women. Gut microbiota has been implicated to play a critical role in metabolic diseases and may modulate the secretion of mediators of the brain-gut axis. Interaction between gut microbiota and the endocrine and biochemical disturbances in PCOS still remains elusive. Here, we(More)
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