Xiaoying Chen

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BACKGROUND The small brown planthopper (Laodelphax striatellus) is an important agricultural pest that not only damages rice plants by sap-sucking, but also acts as a vector that transmits rice stripe virus (RSV), which can cause even more serious yield loss. Despite being a model organism for studying entomology, population biology, plant protection,(More)
Most plant viruses are transmitted by hemipteroid insects. Some viruses can be transmitted from female parent to offspring usually through eggs, but the mechanism of this transovarial transmission remains unclear. Rice stripe virus (RSV), a Tenuivirus, transmitted mainly by the small brown planthopper (Laodelphax striatellus), is also spread to the(More)
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of sepsis, and the level of plasma PAF acetylhydrolase (pPAF-AH), which inactivates PAF, decreases in sepsis patients except for the sepsis caused by severe leptospirosis. Usually, increase of pPAF-AH activity was observed in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced Syrian hamster and rat(More)
Pulmonary hemorrhage has been recognized as a major, often lethal, manifestation of severe leptospirosis albeit the pathogenesis remains unclear. The Leptospira interrogans virulent serogroup Icterohaemorrhagiae serovar Lai encodes a protein (LA2144), which exhibited the platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) activity in vitro similar to that(More)
Aberrant DNA methylation can be a potential genetic mechanism in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, inconsistent findings existed among the recent association studies between cigarette smoking and gene methylation in lung cancer. The purpose of our meta-analysis was to evaluate the role of gene methylation in the smoking behavior of NSCLC(More)
Self–other distinction, the separation between self and other, is a prerequisite for empathy through which individuals share another individual’s feelings. Prior research suggests that females are better at recognizing and sharing others’ emotions, whereas males perform better at self–other distinction. It is unclear, however, whether this superiority in(More)
Previous studies have extensively reported an advantage of females in empathy as compared with males. It remains to be clarified, however, whether these sex differences are associated with sex specific neural processes underlying empathic response to different intensity of emotional stimulus. The present study examined sex differences in empathy for(More)
Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) is an inducible defence mechanism which plays a central role in protecting plants from microbial pathogen attack. Guided by bioassays, a new chemical inducer of SAR was isolated from the extracts of Strobilanthes cusia and identified to be 3-acetonyl-3-hydroxyoxindole (AHO), a derivative of isatin. Tobacco plants treated(More)
The genomic region encompassing the L protein gene and a small open reading frame (ORF 6) of Rice yellow stunt virus (RYSV) has been sequenced, thus completing the nucleotide sequence of the RYSV genome. The genome organization of RYSV is unique in the rhabdoviruses because it contains two additional genes when compared to the basic gene order of the family(More)