Xiaoying Chen

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BACKGROUND The small brown planthopper (Laodelphax striatellus) is an important agricultural pest that not only damages rice plants by sap-sucking, but also acts as a vector that transmits rice stripe virus (RSV), which can cause even more serious yield loss. Despite being a model organism for studying entomology, population biology, plant protection,(More)
Cephalochordate amphioxus is a promising model animal for studying the evolutionary and developmental mechanisms of vertebrates because its unique phylogenetic position, simple body plan and sequenced genome. However, one major drawback for using amphioxus as a model organism is the restricted supply of living embryos since they are available only during(More)
OBJECTIVES Measures capable of detecting early alterations of brain function during acute cerebral ischaemia have not been adequately defined. Internal carotid artery (ICA) test occlusions provide a well controlled environment to investigate the effects of reversible acute hemispheric hypoperfusion on brain function. A continuous time estimation task was(More)
Most plant viruses are transmitted by hemipteroid insects. Some viruses can be transmitted from female parent to offspring usually through eggs, but the mechanism of this transovarial transmission remains unclear. Rice stripe virus (RSV), a Tenuivirus, transmitted mainly by the small brown planthopper (Laodelphax striatellus), is also spread to the(More)
BACKGROUND RNA silencing is an important mechanism for regulation of endogenous gene expression and defense against genomic intruders in plants. This natural defense system was adopted to generate virus-resistant plants even before the mechanism of RNA silencing was unveiled. With the clarification of that mechanism, transgenic antiviral plants were(More)
Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) is an inducible defence mechanism which plays a central role in protecting plants from microbial pathogen attack. Guided by bioassays, a new chemical inducer of SAR was isolated from the extracts of Strobilanthes cusia and identified to be 3-acetonyl-3-hydroxyoxindole (AHO), a derivative of isatin. Tobacco plants treated(More)
Aberrant DNA methylation can be a potential genetic mechanism in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, inconsistent findings existed among the recent association studies between cigarette smoking and gene methylation in lung cancer. The purpose of our meta-analysis was to evaluate the role of gene methylation in the smoking behavior of NSCLC(More)
A mathematical pharmacokinetic/anti-drug-antibody (PK/ADA) model was constructed for quantitatively assessing immunogenicity for therapeutic proteins. The model is inspired by traditional pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) models, and is based on the observed impact of ADA on protein drug clearance. The hypothesis for this work is that altered drug PK(More)
To perceive the world from the perspective of their clients, counselors need to transpose themselves into the inner states of their clients when empathizing with them. Without a self-other distinction, the counselors may confuse their clients’ experience with that of their own, which leads to personal distress and has detrimental effects on their well(More)
The genomic region encompassing the L protein gene and a small open reading frame (ORF 6) of Rice yellow stunt virus (RYSV) has been sequenced, thus completing the nucleotide sequence of the RYSV genome. The genome organization of RYSV is unique in the rhabdoviruses because it contains two additional genes when compared to the basic gene order of the family(More)