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We isolated bacteria from ticks, lice and fleas. Partial small subunit rRNA sequences were obtained for each isolate and the closest matches in the FastA database were determined. These bacteria were mostly Gram-positive (Firmicutes), although representatives from the Proteobacteria (α, β, γ subdivisions) and CFB group were also isolated. Most of the(More)
To obtain a satisfying anticancer effect, rationally designed nanocarriers are intensively studied. In this field, heparin and its derivatives have been widely attempted recently as potential component of nanocarriers due to their unique biological and physiochemical features, especially the anticancer activity. This review focuses on state-of-the-art(More)
The objective of this research was to develop novel ropivacaine-loaded lipid nanocapsules (RPV-LNCs) and evaluate the potential of RPV-LNCs as external preparation for transdermal delivery. RPV-LNCs were prepared by phase inversion technique and optimized by response surface design. The permeation ability of RPV-LNCs was characterized both in vitro and in(More)
Currently, targeted nanoparticles (NPs) are rapidly being developed to overcome various bottlenecks of antitumor agents, such as poor solubility in aqueous solution, poor pharmacokinetics, a lack of selectivity and undesirable side effects in healthy tissues. In recent years, chitosan, a cationic polysaccharide, has been widely explored for the targeted(More)
The mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MEK) pathway is a key signalling pathway that regulates cell proliferation. G-573 is an allosteric inhibitor of MEK that is both potent and selective. The objectives of these studies were to characterize the disposition of G-573 in preclinical species and to determine the(More)
Amoitone B is a newly synthesized derivative of antitumor drug cytosporone B, which exhibits excellent anticancer activity in vivo. Nevertheless, the water-insolubility and short biological half-life limit its further development. In the present study, polyethylene glycol-modified, Amoitone B-loaded long circulating nanostructured lipid carriers(More)
Chitosan, a nontoxic and biocompatible polysaccharide, has been widely explored for the gastrointestinal delivery of drugs, proteins, peptides and genes for different therapeutic purposes. Because a pH gradient exists in the gastrointestinal tract, chitosan-based formulations in response to specific pH conditions, such as the low pH in the stomach and a(More)
Although curcumin (CUR) can inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis of tumors, the poor water solubility restricted its clinical application. The aim of this study was to improve the aqueous solubility of CUR and make more favorable changes to bioactivity by preparing curcumin-loaded phospholipid-sodium deoxycholate-mixed micelles (CUR-PC-SDC-MMs).(More)
The aim of this work was to research the potential functions and the mechanism of absorption of the baicalin (BC)-loaded micelle system that contained Pluronic P123 copolymer (P123) and sodium taurocholate (ST) as carrier materials via oral delivery. Based on the numerous advantages of oral administration, such as cost-effectiveness, flexible and(More)
With the recent development of chemical and biological methods to introduce backbone modifications into the polypeptide chains of proteins, there have been a growing number of site-directed mutagenesis experiments focused on understanding the role of the polypeptide backbone in protein folding and function. The substitution of a main chain amide bond with(More)