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We isolated bacteria from ticks, lice and fleas. Partial small subunit rRNA sequences were obtained for each isolate and the closest matches in the FastA database were determined. These bacteria were mostly Gram-positive (Firmicutes), although representatives from the Proteobacteria (α, β, γ subdivisions) and CFB group were also isolated. Most of the(More)
To obtain a satisfying anticancer effect, rationally designed nanocarriers are intensively studied. In this field, heparin and its derivatives have been widely attempted recently as potential component of nanocarriers due to their unique biological and physiochemical features, especially the anticancer activity. This review focuses on state-of-the-art(More)
The mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MEK) pathway is a key signalling pathway that regulates cell proliferation. G-573 is an allosteric inhibitor of MEK that is both potent and selective. The objectives of these studies were to characterize the disposition of G-573 in preclinical species and to determine the(More)
Although curcumin (CUR) can inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis of tumors, the poor water solubility restricted its clinical application. The aim of this study was to improve the aqueous solubility of CUR and make more favorable changes to bioactivity by preparing curcumin-loaded phospholipid-sodium deoxycholate-mixed micelles (CUR-PC-SDC-MMs).(More)
The aim of this work was to research the potential functions and the mechanism of absorption of the baicalin (BC)-loaded micelle system that contained Pluronic P123 copolymer (P123) and sodium taurocholate (ST) as carrier materials via oral delivery. Based on the numerous advantages of oral administration, such as cost-effectiveness, flexible and(More)
With the recent development of chemical and biological methods to introduce backbone modifications into the polypeptide chains of proteins, there have been a growing number of site-directed mutagenesis experiments focused on understanding the role of the polypeptide backbone in protein folding and function. The substitution of a main chain amide bond with(More)
INTRODUCTION Polymer-drug conjugates are an important part of polymer therapeutics. Recently, they have been used as an appealing platform for drug delivery. As a delivery vector, the route of administration performs a serious impact on the accessibility of drug molecules to their respective target site and therapeutic index. Furthermore, the(More)
Here we investigate the role of backbone-backbone hydrogen bonding interactions in stabilizing the protein folding transition states of two model protein systems, the B1 domain of protein L (ProtL) and the P22 Arc repressor. A backbone modified analogue of ProtL containing an amide-to-ester bond substitution between residues 105 and 106 was prepared by(More)
O-carboxymethyl chitosan (OCMC) was firstly decorated with cholic acid (CA) to acquire an amphiphilic polymer under alkaline condition. Then glycyrrhetinic acid (GA) was conjugated to the polymer via a succinate linker and finally treated with NaCO3 solution to obtain new conjugates for potential liver targeted delivery. These conjugates formed uniform(More)
Chitosan, a nontoxic and biocompatible polysaccharide, has been widely explored for the gastrointestinal delivery of drugs, proteins, peptides and genes for different therapeutic purposes. Because a pH gradient exists in the gastrointestinal tract, chitosan-based formulations in response to specific pH conditions, such as the low pH in the stomach and a(More)