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Real-time reverse transcription PCR (RT-qPCR) is a preferred method for rapid and accurate quantification of gene expression studies. Appropriate application of RT-qPCR requires accurate normalization though the use of reference genes. As no single reference gene is universally suitable for all experiments, thus reference gene(s) validation under different(More)
Papaya (Carica papaya L.) is sensitive to low temperature and easy to be subjected to chilling injury, which causes fruit ripening disorder. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the expression of genes related to ethylene and fruit ripening disorder caused by chilling injury. Papaya fruits were firstly stored at 7°C and 12°C for 25 and(More)
OBJECTIVES To explore the areas at highest risk for postoperative pancreatic cancer local recurrence according to the spatial location of local failures, with the aim to provide a precise target volume for pancreatic cancer adjuvant radiotherapy. METHODS Patients with pancreatic cancer who had undergone surgery for the primary tumor in pancreas at our(More)
Leafy (lfy1) is a dominant maize mutant with more leaves above the ear. In this study, we examined the inheritance patterns of this mutant and attempted to identify the lfy1 gene locus. It is found that the lfy1 was not completely phenotypically dominant in three F2-segregating populations derived from the lfy1 mutant. In the lfy1 × B73 F2-segregating(More)
The van der Waals interfaces of molecular donor/acceptor or graphene-like two-dimensional (2D) semiconductors are central to concepts and emerging technologies of light-electricity interconversion. Examples include, among others, solar cells, photodetectors, and light emitting diodes. A salient feature in both types of van der Waals interfaces is the poorly(More)