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Breast milk is a complex liquid rich in immunological components that affect the development of the infant's immune system. Exosomes are membranous vesicles of endocytic origin that are found in various body fluids and that can mediate intercellular communication. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a well-defined group of non-coding small RNAs, are packaged inside(More)
Breast milk is the primary source of nutrition for newborns, and is rich in immunological components. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are present in various body fluids and are selectively packaged inside the exosomes, a type of membrane vesicles, secreted by most cell types. These exosomal miRNAs could be actively delivered into recipient cells, and could regulate(More)
The complete nucleotide sequences of three sugarcane streak mosaic virus (SCSMV) isolates found in sugarcane plants imported from Japan (JP1, JP2) and Indonesia (ID) into China were determined. Sequence analysis showed that, based on the whole genome sequence and the nucleotide sequences encoding the ten mature proteins, the three SCSMV isolates shared(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignancy in the world with high morbidity and mortality rate. Identification of novel biomarkers in HCC remains impeded primarily because of the heterogeneity of the disease in clinical presentations as well as the pathophysiological variations derived from underlying conditions such as cirrhosis and(More)
Unlike humans, mouse bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) cannot be easily harvested by adherence to plastic owing to the contamination of cultures by hematopoietic cells. The design of the protocol described here is based on the phenomenon that compact bones abound in MSCs and hematopoietic cells exist in the marrow cavities and the inner(More)
Duck astroviruses (DAstVs) are known to cause duck viral hepatitis; however, little is known regarding their molecular biology. Here, we report the complete sequence of a DAstV associated with a recent outbreak of fatal hepatitis in ducklings in China. Sequence analyses indicated that the genome of DAstV possessed a typical astrovirus organization and also(More)
Morphological alterations have been shown to occur in Drosophila melanogaster when function of Hsp90 (heat shock 90-kDa protein 1α, encoded by Hsp83) is compromised during development. Genetic selection maintains the altered phenotypes in subsequent generations. Recent experiments have shown, however, that phenotypic variation still occurs in nearly(More)
The intestinal epithelium has a remarkable capacity to regenerate after injury and DNA damage. Here, we show that the integrin effector protein Focal Adhesion Kinase (FAK) is dispensable for normal intestinal homeostasis and DNA damage signaling, but is essential for intestinal regeneration following DNA damage. Given Wnt/c-Myc signaling is activated(More)
The human metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT-1) as a long non-coding RNA known to be misregulated in many people who are detected with cancer. Our earlier studies found that MALAT-1 plays a pivotal role in colorectal cancer (CRC) metastasis. In this study, we analyzed the MALAT-1 gene in five fragments. We employed the sequencing(More)
Delay in the diagnosis of breast cancer is associated with worse stage distribution at diagnosis and decreased survival. However, the occurrence of delay in the delivery of adjuvant therapy and its impact on prognosis is not well understood. To investigate the timeliness of initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy following surgery for breast cancer, we used(More)