Xiaoyan Song

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BACKGROUND The epidemiology of Clostridium difficile-associated disease (CDAD) is changing, with evidence of increased incidence and severity. However, the understanding of the magnitude of and reasons for this change is currently hampered by the lack of standardized surveillance methods. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS An ad hoc C. difficile surveillance working(More)
A general caging method for proteins that are regulated by phosphorylation was used to study the in vivo biochemical action of cofilin and the subsequent cellular response. By acute and local activation of a chemically engineered, light-sensitive phosphocofilin mimic, we demonstrate that cofilin polymerizes actin, generates protrusions, and determines the(More)
The epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced increase in free barbed ends, resulting in actin polymerization at the leading edge of the lamellipodium in carcinoma cells, occurs as two transients: an early one at 1 min and a late one at 3 min. Our results reveal that phospholipase (PLC) is required for triggering the early barbed end transient.(More)
Acinetobacter infections have increased and gained attention because of the organism's prolonged environmental survival and propensity to develop antimicrobial drug resistance. The effect of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter infection on clinical outcomes has not been reported. A retrospective, matched cohort investigation was performed at 2 Baltimore(More)
The technology of intravenous catheter access ports has evolved from open ports covered by removable caps to more-sophisticated, closed versions containing mechanical valves. We report a significant increase in catheter-related bloodstream infections after the introduction of a new needle-free positive-pressure mechanical valve intravenous access port at(More)
Thioredoxin, with a redox-active disulfide/dithiol in the active site, is the major ubiquitous disulfide reductase responsible for maintaining proteins in their reduced state. In the present study, the cDNA encoding thioredoxin-1 (designated EsTrx1) was cloned from Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis by using rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE)(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether caloric intake is associated with risk of nosocomial bloodstream infection in critically ill medical patients. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Urban, academic medical intensive care unit. PATIENTS Patients were 138 adult patients who did not take food by mouth for > or =96 hrs after medical intensive care unit(More)
Myocarditis causes significant morbidity and mortality in pediatric patients, with potential adverse outcomes including heart failure, transplantation requirement, and/or death. The objective of this study was to determine predictors of early and late poor outcomes, defined as requirement for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, ventricular assist device,(More)
Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE) is a common nosocomial isolate, especially among patients with cancer. VRE infections have substantial attributable mortality among patients with cancer. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for developing bloodstream infection with VRE in patients with cancer who are colonized with VRE. VRE(More)
It has been demonstrated that the actin-severing activity of cofilin can be downregulated by LIM kinase (LIMK)-dependent phosphorylation at residue Ser3. Chemotactic stimulation in various cell types induces cofilin dephosphorylation, suggesting that cofilin activation in these cells occurs by a dephosphorylation mechanism. However, resting metastatic(More)