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Vascular proliferative disorders, such as atherosclerosis and restenosis, are the most common causes of severe cardiovascular diseases, but a common molecular mechanism remains elusive. Here, we identify and characterize a novel hyperplasia suppressor gene, named HSG (later re-named rat mitofusin-2). HSG expression was markedly reduced in(More)
To gain insight into the antibiotic pollution in the Jiulong River estuary and the pollutant sources, we analyzed the concentration of 22 widely-used antibiotics in water samples collected from the river and estuary, 17 and 18 sampling sites, respectively. Contamination with sulfonamides, quinolones and chloramphenicols was frequently detected and the(More)
OBJECTIVES Hyperplasia of synovial fibroblasts, infiltration with lymphocytes and tissue hypoxia are major characteristics of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Extensive data support a key role for toll-like receptors (TLRs) in RA. Little is known regarding the impact of hypoxia on TLR-induced inflammation in RA. The aim of this study was to reveal the effects of(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the effects of MDR1, CYP3A4*18B, and CYP3A5*3 genetic polymorphisms on cyclosporine A (CsA) pharmacokinetics in Chinese renal transplant patients during the first month after transplantation. METHODS A total of 103 renal transplant recipients receiving CsA were genotyped for MDR1(More)
Multiple physiological and pathological conditions interfere with the function of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). However, much remains unknown regarding the impact of ER stress on inflammatory responses in dendritic cells (DCs) upon the recognition of pathogen molecules. We show that ER stress greatly potentiates the expression of inflammatory cytokines(More)
Synovial fibroblast hyperplasia, T-cell hyperactivity, B-cell overactivation, and the self-perpetuating interactions among these cell types are major characteristics of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The inflamed joints of RA patients are hypoxic, with upregulated expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in RA synovial fibroblasts (RASFs). It remains(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to evaluate the effect of UGT1A8*2, SLCO1B3 T334G, ABCC2 C-24T and ABCG2 C421A polymorphisms on the pharmacokinetics (PKs) of mycophenolic acid (MPA) and its phenolic glucuronide (MPAG) in healthy Chinese volunteers and in stable renal transplant patients. METHODS The data were extracted from comparative bioavailability studies(More)
Within the past 10 years, several investigators have reported the presence of immunoglobulin G in brain neurons. However, because immunoglobulin molecules were only known to be produced by B-lymphocytes, it was suspected that the neurons were taking immunoglobulin G up from the extracellular fluid. The aim of this study was to determine whether(More)
Chemokine-like factor 1 (CKLF1) is a cytokine with chemotactic effects on leukocytes and a functional ligand of CCR4. This cytokine is widely expressed and the level of expression is reported to be upregulated in asthma and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), disease conditions in which T lymphocytes are over-activated. In order to determine the expression profile(More)
Hyperplasia suppressor gene (HSG), also called human mitofusin 2, is a novel gene that markedly suppresses the cell proliferation of hyperproliferative vascular smooth muscle cells from spontaneously hypertensive rat arteries. This gene encodes a mitochondrial membrane protein that participates in mitochondrial fusion and contributes to the maintenance and(More)