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Tissue deposition and residue depletion profiles of cyadox (Cyx) and its three major metabolites, including 1,4-bisdesoxycyadox (Cy1), 4-desoxycyadox (Cy2), and quinoxaline-2-carboxylic acid (QCA), in pigs after multiple oral administrations were determined. Thirty-five healthy adult pigs were randomly divided into seven groups and orally treated with Cyx(More)
BACKGROUND The resistance of cephalosporins is significantly serious in veterinary clinic. In order to inhibit the bacterial resistance production, the mutant selection window (MSW) hypothesis with Escherichia coli (E. coli) ATCC 25922 exposed to cefquinome in an animal tissue-cage model was investigated. RESULTS Localized infection with E. coli was(More)
Mycoplasma gallisepticum is one of the most important pathogens that cause chronic respiratory disease in chicken. This study investigated the antibacterial activity of doxycycline against M. gallisepticum strain S6. In static time-killing studies with constant antibiotic concentrations [0-64 minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC)], M. gallisepticum(More)
Mycoplasma gallisepticum is a common etiological cause of a chronic respiratory disease in chickens; its increasing antimicrobial resistance compromises the use of tetracyclines, macrolides and quinolones in the farm environment. Mutant selection window (MSW) determination was used to investigate the propensity for future resistance induction by(More)
BACKGROUND In order to provide some basis for effective dosage regimens that optimize efficacy with respect to bacteriological and clinical cures, the in vivo activity of cefquinome against a clinical Escherichia coli (E.coli) strain (the minimum inhibitory concentration value for this strain equals to the MIC90 value of 0.25 μg/ml for 210 E.coli strains(More)
Cefquinome is a fourth-generation Cephalosporin approved for use in animals exclusively. The objective of this study was to explore the relationship of cefquinome pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) indices with resistance selection of Staphylococcus aureus ATCC25923 in an in vitro model. Six dosing regiments of cefquinome at an interval of 24 h for(More)
The arc plasma radiation of gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) is studied in this paper with the application of Avaspec-2048FT optical fiber digital spectrometer. The spectrum distribution from 200 nm to 1000 nm is analyzed. The result showed that different condition of the welding can provide spectrum with different radiation. The radiation in different(More)
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