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INTRODUCTION Tuberculosis (TB) remains rampant throughout the world, in large part due to the lengthy treatment times of current therapeutic options. Rifapentine, a rifamycin antibiotic, is currently approved for intermittent dosing in the treatment of TB. Recent animal studies have shown that more frequent administration of rifapentine could shorten(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) type II receptor (TβRII) levels are extremely low in the brain tissue of patients with Alzheimer's disease. This receptor inhibits TGF-β1/SMAD signaling and thereby aggravates amyolid-beta deposition and neuronal injury. Dab2, a specific adapter protein, protects TβRII from degradation and ensures the effective(More)
Lung carcinoma is a deadly malignant disease with poor prognosis and increasing incidence in recent years. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the initiation and progression of lung cancer is still not completely elucidated. Recently, myocyte enhancer factor 2D (MEF2D) has been reported to promote the growth of liver cancer, but its implication in(More)
Sensitive electrochemical impedance assay of DNA hybridization by using a novel graphene sheets platform was achieved. The graphene sheets were firstly functionalized with 3,4,9,10-perylene tetracarboxylic acid (PTCA). PTCA molecules separated graphene sheets efficiently and introduced more negatively-charged -COOH sites, both of which were beneficial to(More)
Prussian blue (PB) was grown compactly on graphene matrix by electrochemical deposition. The as-prepared PB-graphene modified glassy carbon electrode (PB-graphene/GCE) showed excellent electrocatalytic activity towards both the reduction of hydrogen peroxide and the oxidation of hydrazine, which could be attributed to the remarkable synergistic effect of(More)
Exposure to particulate matter (PM) with an aerodynamic diameter≤2.5μm (PM2.5) induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) and pro-inflammatory cytokine production, leading to airway epithelial injury. However, the mechanisms underlying the toxicity of PM2.5 have not been clarified. Here, we show that exposure to PM2.5 induces sustained activation of the nuclear(More)
Osteogenesis from preosteoblasts is important for bone tissue engineering. MicroRNAs are a class of endogenous small RNA molecules that potentially modulate osteogenesis. In this study, we found that miR-155 expression was downregulated in a time-dependent manner in cells of the preosteoblast cell line MC3T3-E1 after osteogenic induction using bone(More)
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