Xiaoxu Zheng

Learn More
Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) induces a prolonged late phase of multi-organ protection against ischemia–reperfusion (IR) injury. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that RIPC confers late protection against myocardial IR injury by upregulating expression of interleukin (IL)-10. Mice were exposed to lower limb RIPC or sham ischemia. After(More)
The inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-10 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α play an important role in left ventricular (LV) remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI). Phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) inactivates protein kinase Akt and promotes cell death in the heart. However, it is not known whether PTEN promotes(More)
Microcirculatory dysfunction may cause tissue malperfusion and progression to organ failure in the later stages of sepsis, but the role of smooth muscle contractile dysfunction is uncertain. Mice were given intraperitoneal LPS, and mesenteric arteries were harvested at 6-h intervals for analyses of gene expression and contractile function by wire myography.(More)
Although the induction of myocyte apoptosis by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) is attenuated by ischemic preconditioning (IPC), the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. Phosphatase and tensin homologs deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) promotes apoptosis through Akt-dependent and -independent mechanisms. We tested the hypothesis that IPC attenuates the(More)
Dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) deficiency increases renal inflammation and blood pressure in mice. We show here that long-term renal-selective silencing of Drd2 using siRNA increases renal expression of proinflammatory and profibrotic factors and blood pressure in mice. To determine the effects of renal-selective rescue of Drd2 expression in mice, the renal(More)
OBJECTIVES Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) induces cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury by inhibiting the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP). Here, we tested the hypothesis that IPC-induced cardioprotection is mediated by the phosphatase PTEN and PDE4 (phosphodiesterase 4). METHODS Isolated hearts from wild-type mice(More)
There is evidence for developmental origins of vascular dysfunction yet little understanding of maturation of vascular smooth muscle (VSM) of regional circulations. We measured maturational changes in expression of myosin phosphatase (MP) and the broader VSM gene program in relation to mesenteric small resistance artery (SRA) function. We then tested the(More)
Each regional circulation has unique requirements for blood flow and thus unique mechanisms by which it is regulated. In this review we consider the role of smooth muscle contractile diversity in determining the unique properties of selected regional circulations and its potential influence on drug targeting in disease. Functionally smooth muscle diversity(More)
The understanding of how biological membranes are organized and how they function has evolved. Instead of just serving as a medium in which certain proteins are found, portions of the lipid bilayer have been demonstrated to form specialized platforms that foster the assembly of signaling complexes by providing a microenvironment that is conducive for(More)
Diversity of smooth muscle within the vascular system is generated by alternative splicing of exons, yet there is limited understanding of its timing or control mechanisms. We examined splicing of myosin phosphatase regulatory subunit (Mypt1) exon 24 (E24) in relation to smooth muscle myosin heavy chain (Smmhc) and smoothelin (Smtn) alternative exons (Smmhc(More)