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Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) CRF08_BC and CRF07_BC are two major recombinants descended from subtypes B' and C. Despite their massive epidemic impact in China, their migration patterns and divergence times remain unknown. Phylogenetic and population genetic analyses were performed on 228 HIV-1 sequences representing CRF08_BC, CRF07_BC, and(More)
BACKGROUND Co-infection with HIV-1 and HCV is a significant global public health problem and a major consideration for anti-HIV-1 treatment. HCV infection among HIV-1 positive people who are eligible for the newly launched nationwide anti-HIV-1 treatment program in China has not been well characterized. METHODOLOGY A nationwide survey of HIV-1 positive(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the epidemiological relationships between HIV-1 strains that are spread among the men who have sex with men (MSM) populations of 9 cities across China and to analyze the origins and divergence times of the major epidemic strains found in the MSM population. METHODS A total of 583 HIV-1-positive subjects were recruited from(More)
BACKGROUND Natural killer (NK) cells have emerged as pivotal players in innate immunity, especially in the defense against viral infections and tumors. Killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs)--an important recognition receptor expressed on the surface of NK cells--regulate the inhibition and/or activation of NK cells after interacting with human(More)
BACKGROUND Yunnan has the largest number of reported HIV/AIDS cases among all Chinese provinces, the reported prevalence of HIV among Yunnan men who have sex with men (MSM) passed 10%, while HIV incidence epidemic and molecular characteristics of new infected Yunnan MSM were not evaluated before. METHODS An 18 months prospective followed up with a(More)
A high level of genetic diversity is a hallmark of human immu-nodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). HIV-1 group M, a major (main) group of HIV-1 strains responsible for the HIV pandemic, consists of 11 subtypes and sub-subtypes have been reported to date (http://www.hiv.lanl.gov). Wide cocir-culation of and dual infection with CRF01_AE and subtype B in various(More)
We report here a novel HIV-1 circulating recombinant form (CRF) (CRF59_01B) comprised of CRF01_AE and subtype B, with two recombination breakpoints in the pol and vpu-env regions, respectively. CRF59_01B was identified from three epidemiologically unlinked men who have sex with men (MSM) in northeast China. This represents the second CRF identified in the(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have shown the public health importance of identifying acute HIV infection (AHI) in the men who have sex with men (MSM) of China, which has a much higher risk of HIV transmission. However, cost-utility analyses to guide policy around AHI screening are lacking. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS An open prospective cohort was(More)
The HIV-1 epidemic among men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) continues to expand in China. A large-scale national survey we conducted on HIV-1 strains among MSM in 11 provinces in China from 2008 to 2013 (n = 920) identified a novel transmission cluster consisting of six strains (0.7%) that belonged to a new circulating recombinant form (designated CRF59_01B).(More)