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Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) CRF08_BC and CRF07_BC are two major recombinants descended from subtypes B' and C. Despite their massive epidemic impact in China, their migration patterns and divergence times remain unknown. Phylogenetic and population genetic analyses were performed on 228 HIV-1 sequences representing CRF08_BC, CRF07_BC, and(More)
HIV CRF01_AE accounted for 84% of the recent infections among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Liaoning Province of northeastern China. CRF01_AE strains were grouped into two distinct clusters (designated clusters 1 and 2) that were also detected in other regions in China. Phylodynamics study revealed that these two CRF01_AE strains were independently(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the distribution of HIV-1 genotypes among injecting drug users (IDUs) from Dehong, Yunnan province. MATERIALS AND METHODS Blood samples from a total of 95 HIV-positive IDUs were retrospectively analyzed. Samples were collected between 2005 and 2009 from four cities in Dehong prefecture, western Yunnan province, the geographical origin(More)
To obtain an overall view on gene expression during the early stage (24 h) of tomato fruit in response to postharvest UV-C irradiation (4 kJ/m(2)), we performed a microarray analysis by using Affymetrix Tomato Genechip. The results showed that 274 and 403 genes were up- or down-regulated, respectively, more than two folds in postharvest tomato fruit(More)
BACKGROUND Natural killer (NK) cells have emerged as pivotal players in innate immunity, especially in the defense against viral infections and tumors. Killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs)--an important recognition receptor expressed on the surface of NK cells--regulate the inhibition and/or activation of NK cells after interacting with human(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells, natural killer T (NKT) cells, and T lymphocytes were analyzed by using a flow cytometer in 225 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive individuals infected through the past sale of blood and plasma without receiving antiretroviral therapy in the People's Republic of China. According to CD4 T-cell counts these HIV-infected(More)
HIV-1 infection is characterized by a gradual decline of immune function, and the immune dysfunction is widely regarded as one of the most important determinants of disease progression. The present study was performed to analyze in more detail the immunological status of HIV-infected people in China. T cell counts, activation of T cells, HIV-1 specific CTL(More)
BACKGROUND Yunnan has the largest number of reported HIV/AIDS cases among all Chinese provinces, the reported prevalence of HIV among Yunnan men who have sex with men (MSM) passed 10%, while HIV incidence epidemic and molecular characteristics of new infected Yunnan MSM were not evaluated before. METHODS An 18 months prospective followed up with a(More)
To elucidate the recent changes in prevalence of HIV-1 primary resistance mutations in men who have sex with men (MSM) in Liaoning province, 217 samples from antiretroviral therapy-naive MSM were collected. For 201 samples, the entire protease gene and 256 amino acids of the reverse transcriptase gene were successfully amplified by reverse transcriptase(More)