Xiaoxian Zhao

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Calcium-independent phospholipase A(2) (iPLA(2)) plays a pivotal role in phospholipid remodeling and many other biological processes, including inflammation and cancer development. iPLA(2) can be activated by caspase-3 via a proteolytic process in apoptotic cells. In this study we identify novel signaling and functional loops of iPLA(2) activation leading(More)
OBJECTIVE Inhibition of the Na(+)-glucose cotransporter type 2 (SGLT2) is currently being pursued as an insulin-independent treatment for diabetes; however, the behavioral and metabolic consequences of SGLT2 deletion are unknown. Here, we used a SGLT2 knockout mouse to investigate the effect of increased renal glucose excretion on glucose homeostasis,(More)
Our laboratory is interested in understanding the regulation of NADPH oxidase activity in human monocyte/macrophages. Protein kinase C (PKC) is reported to be involved in regulating the phosphorylation of NADPH oxidase components in human neutrophils; however, the regulatory roles of specific isoforms of PKC in phosphorylating particular oxidase components(More)
The NADPH oxidase of human monocytes is activated upon exposure to opsonized zymosan and a variety of other stimuli to catalyze the formation of superoxide anion. Assembly of the NADPH oxidase complex is believed to be a highly regulated process, and molecular mechanisms responsible for this regulation have yet to be fully elucidated. We have previously(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is both a potential marker and a therapeutic target for ovarian cancer. It is critical to identify the sources of elevated LPA levels in ascites and blood of patients with ovarian cancer. We show here that human peritoneal mesothelial cells constitutively produce LPA, which accounts for a significant portion of the chemotactic(More)
Phagocyte NADPH oxidase is critical for defense against pathogens and contributes to inflammatory tissue injury. One component of the NADPH oxidase complex is the small GTP-binding protein Rac. There are two isoforms of Rac, and Rac2 is the predominant isoform in neutrophils and has been shown to be essential for NADPH oxidase activity. In primary human(More)
BACKGROUND C-type lectin-like molecule-1 is a transmembrane receptor expressed on myeloid cells, acute myeloid leukemia blasts and leukemic stem cells. To validate the potential of this receptor as a therapeutic target in acute myeloid leukemia, we generated a series of monoclonal antibodies against the extracellular domain of C-type lectin-like molecule-1(More)
Potential for paddy soil enrichments obtained in the presence of nano-sized magnetite particles (named as PSEM) to promote methane production from effluents of hydrogen-producing stage in two-stage anaerobic digestion was investigated. The results showed that the addition of magnetite significantly accelerated methane production from acetate in a(More)
Phosphorylation of the reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase components p67phox and p47phox accompanies the assembly and activation of this enzyme complex. We have previously reported that activation of human monocytes with opsonized zymosan (ZOP), a potent stimulator of NADPH oxidase activity, results in the phosphorylation of(More)