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Plasticity is a remarkable feature of the brain, allowing neuronal structure and function to accommodate to patterns of electrical activity. One component of these long-term changes is the activity-driven induction of new gene expression, which is required for both the long-lasting long-term potentiation of synaptic transmission associated with learning and(More)
Amblyopia, a developmental disorder of spatial vision, is thought to result from a cascade of cortical deficits over several processing stages beginning at the primary visual cortex (V1). However, beyond V1, little is known about how cortical development limits the visual performance of amblyopic primates. We quantitatively analyzed the monocular and(More)
OBJECTIVE Extracts of the Chinese herbal remedy Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TWHF) have been reported to be effective in the treatment of patients with a variety of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, but the mechanism of this therapeutic effect has not been completely delineated. The present study was designed to assess the effects of TWHF on the in(More)
Various preparations of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TwHF) have been used in the treatment of a number of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases since the 1960s. Accumulated data from the clinical trials suggest efficacy of this treatment in a number of rheumatic diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Studies on the(More)
OBJECTIVE The ethyl acetate (EA) extract of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TWHF) and its major active component, triptolide, have been reported to be effective in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune inflammatory diseases. Nitric oxide (NO) has been recognized as an important mediator of inflammation. This study was therefore(More)
A variety of preparations of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook.F (TWHF) have been reported to be effective in the treatment of autoimmune diseases, including a chloroform methanol extract termed T2 and an ethyl acetate (EA) extract. The immunosuppressive activity of the EA extract was analyzed and the components accounting for this effect determined and compared(More)
A polyglycosides of Tripterygium wilfodii hook F (TWH) preparation with a code name of T2 is used in the present double-blind, controlled, cross-over study on the treatment of 70 cases of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). An impressive curative effect of T2 is confirmed much more convincingly by the present study than that by the previously reported clinical open(More)
T2, an extract of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F, has been reported to be effective in the treatment of a variety of autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis. Previous studies have shown that T2 inhibited mitogen- or antigen-induced proliferation of human peripheral blood T cells and B cells, IL-2 production by T cells and Ig production by B(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the efficacy and safety of ethyl acetate (EA) extracts of the Chinese herbal remedy Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TWHF) for treatment of patients with a variety of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases including rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS The roots of TWHF were extracted sequentially by ethyl alcohol and ethyl acetate and the(More)
Various extracts of the vinelike plant Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f have been widely used in China to treat patients with a number of autoimmune diseases. Although most of the clinical experience has derived from uncontrolled trials, one placebo-controlled double-blind trial has clearly demonstrated efficacy in rheumatoid arthritis. Studies in laboratory(More)