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Equal allocation of bandwidth and/or power may not be efficient for wireless multi-user networks with limited bandwidth and power resources. Optimal joint bandwidth and power allocation strategies for wireless multi-user networks with and without relaying are proposed in this paper for (1) the maximization of the sum capacity of all users; (2) the(More)
A problem of joint optimal bandwidth and power allocation in cognitive networks under fading channels is considered. It is assumed that multiple secondary users (SUs) share the spectrum of a primary user (PU) using frequency division multiple access. The bandwidth and power are allocated so as to maximize the sum ergodic capacity of all SUs under the total(More)
This paper studies optimal bandwidth and power allocation in a cognitive radio network where multiple secondary users (SUs) share the licensed spectrum of a primary user (PU) under fading channels using the frequency division multiple access scheme. The sum ergodic capacity of all the SUs is taken as the performance metric of the network. Besides the(More)
In this paper, we develop a social group utility maximization (SGUM) framework for cooperative networking that takes into account both social relationships and physical coupling among users. Specifically, instead of maximizing its individual utility or the overall network utility, each user aims to maximize its social group utility that hinges heavily on(More)
Thanks to the convergence of pervasive mobile communications and fast-growing online social networking, mobile social networking is penetrating into our everyday life. Aiming to develop a systematic understanding of mobile social networks, in this paper we exploit social ties in human social networks to enhance cooperative device-to-device (D2D)(More)
The kidney is formed from two tissue populations derived from the intermediate mesoderm, the ureteric bud, and the metanephric mesenchyme. Metanephric mesenchyme is a pluripotent renal stem population, and conversion of renal mesenchyme into epithelia depends on the ureteric bud in vivo and in vitro. Embryonic stem (ES) cells have been induced to(More)
By taking advantage of active sensing using radio waves, radar sensors can offer several advantages over passive sensors. Although much recent attention has been given to multistatic and MIMO radar concepts, little has been paid to understanding the performance of radar networks (i.e., multiple individual radars working in concert). In this context, we(More)
We recently reported that the expression of the synaptic form of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is induced during apoptosis in various cell types in vitro. Here, we provide evidence to confirm that AChE is expressed during ischemia-reperfusion (I/R)-induced apoptosis in vivo. Renal I/R is a major cause of acute renal failure (ARF), resulting in injury and the(More)