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Transgenic corn producing Cry1Ac toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) provides effective control of Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenée), and thus reduces insecticide applications. However, whether Bt corn exerts undesirable effects on non-target arthropods (NTAs) is still controversial. We conducted a 2-yr study in Shangzhuang Agricultural(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective was to investigate the protective effects of rhein on renal histology change and the effects of rhein on renal tissue toll-like receptor (TLR) 4, TLR9, transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) expression in immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS Bovine serum albumin-lipopolysaccharide-carbon tetrachloride 4(More)
Supporting Distributed Shared Memory (DSM) is essential for multi-core Network-on-Chips for the sake of reusing huge amount of legacy code and easy programmability. We propose a microcoded controller as a hardware module in each node to connect the core, the local memory and the network. The controller is programmable where the DSM functions such as(More)
MOTIVATION Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a severe neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system that may be caused by perturbation of regulatory pathways rather than the dysfunction of a single gene. However, the pathology of AD has yet to be fully elucidated. RESULTS In this study, we systematically analyzed AD-related mRNA and miRNA expression(More)
The memory organization and the management of the memory space is a critical part of every NoC based platform design. We propose a Data Management Engine (DME), that is a block of programmable hardware and part of every processing element. It off-loads the processing element (CPU, DSP, etc.) by managing the memory space, memory access and the communication(More)
This paper studies realization and performance comparison of the sequential and weak consistency models in the network-on-chip (NoC) based distributed shared memory (DSM) multi-core systems. Memory consistency constrains the order of shared memory operations for the expected behavior of the multi-core systems. Both the consistency models are realized in the(More)
This paper studies realization of relaxed memory consistency models in the network-on-chip based distributed shared memory (DSM) multi-core systems. Within DSM systems, memory consistency is a critical issue since it affects not only the performance but also the correctness of programs. We investigate the scalability of the relaxed consistency models (weak,(More)
BACKGROUND Dilute acid pretreatment is a promising pretreatment technology for the biochemical production of ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass. During dilute acid pretreatment, xylan depolymerizes to form soluble xylose monomers and oligomers. Because the xylan found in nature is highly acetylated, the formation of xylose monomers requires two steps: 1)(More)
The global insight into the relationships between miRNAs and their regulatory influences remains poorly understood. And most of complex diseases may be attributed to certain local areas of pathway (subpathway) instead of the entire pathway. Here, we reviewed the studies on miRNA regulations to pathways and constructed a bipartite miRNAs and subpathways(More)