Xiaowei Sylvia Chen

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The stem cells that maintain and repair the postnatal skeleton remain undefined. One model suggests that perisinusoidal mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) give rise to osteoblasts, chondrocytes, marrow stromal cells, and adipocytes, although the existence of these cells has not been proven through fate-mapping experiments. We demonstrate here that expression of(More)
Ovarian steroid cell tumors (SCTs), not otherwise specified (NOS) are particularly rare ovarian tumors, which are composed of steroid‑hormone secreting cells. The majority of patients with this tumor produce excessive quantities of testos-terone and virilization is common. The current report presents a rare case of SCT in a 59‑year‑old female who presented(More)
CD11b(+)Gr-1(+) myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) expand in the spleen during cancer and promote progression through suppression of cytotoxic T cells. An anti-inflammatory reflex arc involving the vagus nerve and memory T cells is necessary for resolution of acute inflammation. Failure of this neural circuit could promote procarcinogenic inflammation(More)
During a survey of clinical rectal prolapse (RP) cases in the mouse population at MIT animal research facilities, a high incidence of RP in the lamellipodin knock-out strain, C57BL/6-Raph1tm1Fbg (Lpd-/-) was documented. Upon further investigation, the Lpd-/- colony was found to be infected with multiple endemic enterohepatic Helicobacter species (EHS).(More)
Bats are able to employ an astonishingly complex vocal repertoire for navigating their environment and conveying social information. A handful of species also show evidence for vocal learning, an extremely rare ability shared only with humans and few other animals. However, despite their potential for the study of vocal communication, bats remain severely(More)
Previous studies demonstrated that Se has anti-inflammatory activities and that it plays an important role in maintaining normal cartilage metabolism. Nevertheless, little is known about the effects of Se on the production of inflammatory mediators in rheumatoid fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs). The objective of this study was to determine the effects of(More)
This paper proposes an adaptively imperceptible video watermarking algorithm using the entropy model for local motion characterization. The algorithm firstly combines Human Visual System (HVS) with the block- matching techniques to get the motion-related information. Then it utilizes the entropy model to statistically analyze above motion-related(More)
BACKGROUND Avian influenza viruses of H9N2 subtype have become highly prevalent in avian species. Although these viruses generally cause only mild to moderate disease, they can infect a wide variety of species, including chickens, quail, turkeys, ducks, geese, pheasant, partridge, and pigeon, even transmitted to mammalian species, including humans,(More)
Tuberculosis is caused by an intracellular pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) and poses a persistent threat to global health. MHC class I-restricted CD8 cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) are essential for protective immunity to Tuberculosis. Information for CTL epitopes derived from Mtb is desirable for vaccine design and assessment of T cell responses.(More)
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