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Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED), caused by porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), is a highly contagious, acute enteric viral disease of swine characterized by vomiting, watery diarrhea, dehydration and death. To identify and characterize the field PEDVs associated with the outbreaks of severe diarrhea in piglets in Jiangxi, 2013, the complete genome(More)
Pulmonary artery endothelial plexiform lesion is responsible for pulmonary vascular remodeling (PVR), a basic pathological change of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Recent evidence suggests that epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET), which is derived from arachidonic acid by cytochrome p450 (CYP) epoxygenase, has an essential role in PAH. However, until(More)
Mammalian haploid cell lines provide useful tools for both genetic studies and transgenic animal production. To derive porcine haploid cells, three sets of experiments were conducted. First, genomes of blastomeres from 8-cell to 16-cell porcine parthenogenetically activated (PA) embryos were examined by chromosome spread analysis. An intact haploid genome(More)
15-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid, a predominant metabolic product of arachidonic acid (AA) catalyzed by 15-lipoxygenase (15-LO), plays an important role in hypoxic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) as a critical oxygen-sensitive transcriptional factor participates in many physiological and pathological processes(More)
15-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE), one of many important metabolic products of arachidonic acid (AA) catalyzed by 15-lipoxygenase, plays an important role in pulmonary vascular smooth muscle remodeling. We have previously shown its unsubstituted effects on the apoptotic responses of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs), but the underlying(More)
It has been previously reported by us that hypoxia activates lung 15-lipoxygenase (15-LO), which catalyzes arachidonic acid to 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE), leading to the constriction of pulmonary artery (PA). Rho-associated serine/threonine kinase (ROK), a downstream effector of small GTPase RhoA that may be modulated by G-protein and(More)
PR39 is an angiogenic masterswitch protein, belonging to the second generation of angiogenic growth factors. However, the role of recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) carrying the PR39 fusion gene (AAV-PR39) in acute myocardial infarction remains unclear. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the role of AAV-PR39 in an experimental animal model of(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive condition in which remodeling of the pulmonary vasculature plays an important role. The vascular remodeling involves pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell (PASMC) proliferation and apoptosis, which is affected by several arachidonic acid metabolites. 15-oxo-Eicosatetraenoic acid (15-oxo-ETE) is one of(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of the PR39 recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) controlled by the hypoxia-responsive element (HRE) on gene therapy of ischemic heart disease. The minimal HRE was artificially synthesized and the AAV vector controlled by HRE was introduced with NT4-TAT-His-PR39 to investigate the expression of(More)
We previously reported that 15-lipoxygenase (15-LO) induced by hypoxia catalyzed the conversion of arachidonic acid (AA) into 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE), which plays an essential role in the development of hypoxic pulmonary arterial hypertension (HPH). However, the mechanisms by which hypoxia up-regulated 15-LO are still unclear. Heme(More)