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A number of mutations in GATA4 and NKX2.5 have been identified to be causative for a subset of familial congenital heart defects (CHDs) and a small number of sporadic CHDs. In this study, we evaluated common GATA4 and NKX2.5 mutations in 135 Chinese pediatric patients with non-familial congenital heart defects. Two novel mutations in the coding region of(More)
Dose-limiting diarrhea and myelosuppression compromise the success of irinotecan (7-ethyl-10-[4-[1-piperidino]-1-piperidino]carbonyloxycamptothecin) (CPT-11)-based chemotherapy. A recent pilot study indicates that thalidomide attenuates the toxicity of CPT-11 in cancer patients. This study aimed to investigate whether coadministered thalidomide modulated(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of folic acid intake for prevention of birth defects in Chinese women of child-bearing age. MATERIAL/METHODS In this prospective cross-sectional study, a total of 1,338 women aged 20-45 years were randomly selected for interview. Data on folic acid knowledge and information on(More)
Pore size of mesoporous materials is crucial for their surface grafting. This article develops a novel multifunctional microsphere with a large pore size mesoporous silica shell (ca. 10.3 nm) and a magnetic core (Fe₃O₄), which is fabricated using cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as pore-forming agents, tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) as silicon source(More)
To explore the proteomic changes of placental trophoblastic cells in preeclampsia–eclampsia (PE), placental trophoblastic cells from normally pregnant women and women with hypertension during gestational period were prepared by laser capture microdissection (LCM), and proteins isolated from these cells were subjected to labeling and proteolysis with(More)
OBJECTIVES To elucidate the main source of circulating visfatin and its potential roles in pathogenesis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS We examined serum concentrations of visfatin with ELISA and its expression in subcutaneous adipose tissue, visceral adipose tissue and placenta with RT-PCR and western blot both in women with GDM and(More)
CPT-11 is a DNA topoisomerase I inhibitor for the therapy of colorectal cancer, whereas St. John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum, SJW) is a widely used herbal anti-depressant. This study aimed to investigate the effects of co-administered SJW on the toxicities and pharmacokinetics of CPT-11 and the underlying mechanisms. The body weight loss, gastrointestinal(More)
The multidrug resistance associated protein (MRP) 4 is a member of the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-binding cassette transporter family. Camptothecins (CPTs) have shown substantial anticancer activity against a broad spectrum of tumors by inhibiting DNA topoisomerase I, but tumor resistance is one of the major reasons for therapeutic failure.(More)
Preeclampsia (PE) is a severe pregnancy-induced disorder characterized by hypertension and proteinuria and a leading cause of perinatal maternal-fetal mortality and morbidity in developing countries. Dysregulated human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G was found in placentas as well as in maternal sera from PE patients; however, the reason for this difference is(More)
In vitro and in vivo studies have indicated that the induction or inhibition of cytochrome P450 (CYP) is one of the major mechanisms for some clinically important pharmacokinetic herb-drug interactions. Thus, an attempt was made to predict pharmacokinetic herb-drug interactions using the pharmacokinetic principles that are used for predicting drug-drug(More)