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In vitro and in vivo studies have indicated that the induction or inhibition of cytochrome P450 (CYP) is one of the major mechanisms for some clinically important pharmacokinetic herb-drug interactions. Thus, an attempt was made to predict pharmacokinetic herb-drug interactions using the pharmacokinetic principles that are used for predicting drug-drug(More)
A number of mutations in GATA4 and NKX2.5 have been identified to be causative for a subset of familial congenital heart defects (CHDs) and a small number of sporadic CHDs. In this study, we evaluated common GATA4 and NKX2.5 mutations in 135 Chinese pediatric patients with non-familial congenital heart defects. Two novel mutations in the coding region of(More)
Ganopoly is an aqueous polysaccharide fraction extracted from G. lucidum by patented biochemical technique and has been marketed as an over-the-counter product for chronic diseases including cancer and hepatopathy in many Asian countries. This study was undertaken to explore the anti-tumour effect and the underlying mechanisms of Ganopoly in mice and human(More)
PURPOSE The multidrug resistance associated protein (MRP) 4 is a member of the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-binding cassette transporter family. Camptothecins (CPTs) have shown substantial anticancer activity against a broad spectrum of tumors by inhibiting DNA topoisomerase I, but tumor resistance is one of the major reasons for therapeutic failure.(More)
OBJECTIVE The current study aimed to develop a reliable targeted array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) to detect microdeletions and microduplications in congenital conotruncal defects (CTDs), especially on 22q11.2 region, and for some other chromosomal aberrations, such as 5p15-5p, 7q11.23 and 4p16.3. METHODS Twenty-seven patients with CTDs,(More)
Mechanism-based inhibition of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 is characterized by NADPH-, time-, and concentration-dependent enzyme inactivation, occurring when some drugs are converted by CYPs to reactive metabolites. Such inhibition of CYP3A4 can be due to the chemical modification of the heme, the protein, or both as a result of covalent binding of modified(More)
OBJECTIVES To elucidate the main source of circulating visfatin and its potential roles in pathogenesis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS We examined serum concentrations of visfatin with ELISA and its expression in subcutaneous adipose tissue, visceral adipose tissue and placenta with RT-PCR and western blot both in women with GDM and(More)
Preclinical studies have established that the polysaccharide fractions of Ganoderma lucidum have potential antitumor activity. Recent clinical studies have demonstrated that G. lucidum polysaccharides enhance host immune functions [e.g., enhanced natural killer (NK) cell activity] in patients with advanced solid tumors, although an objective response was(More)
Disruption of the Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene has been shown to be involved in pre-eclampsia (PE). To investigate whether two promoters of the COMT gene are differentially regulated by methylation in PE patients, we have analyzed the genomic DNA extracted from placenta (cases n = 16; controls n = 21), maternal peripheral blood (cases n = 4;(More)
Preeclampsia is associated with placental hypoxia at early gestation. We therefore investigated the effect of hypoxia on the apoptosis of cultured first trimester human cytotrophoblasts and the expression of apoptosis relevant proteins, Bcl-2 and Bax. First trimester human cytotrophoblasts were isolated and cultured under either standard or hypoxic(More)